"Alaverdi" - what is it? The meaning of the word "alaverdi". How to translate "Alaverdi"
Georgian hospitality is famous all over the world. Those who experienced it on themselves, then for a long time recalls a rich feast with merry guests, witty toastmaster and shares these memories with others.
From Georgia - all over the world
It is in Georgia most often sounds "alaverdi" - "a word, the most suitable for gay banquets. However, it has already migrated to other countries, especially in the post-Soviet space, where it is not always used for its intended purpose.
For example, on a noisy feast, when people are alreadywell refreshed and "took to the chest", it's not easy for people not to listen to the sounding toasts to the end, especially if they are boring and frankly boring. That sounds endless "alaverdi" those who can not wait to say their weighty words, add to the speech of the toast their own clever thoughts.
At best, in the European tradition, alaverdimeans approximately the following: "Permit me to add to what has been said." When one of the protesters ends the speech, the other with the word "Alaverdi" continues the development of the topic.
Alaverdi - what is it?
In the Georgian tradition, everything is different. It is not simply not accepted to interrupt an extinguisher, but is considered the height of ignorance - a manifestation of disrespect for a person invited to a celebration. Only when the toastman ends his speech, he himself or the toastmaster passes the word to another guest. This action, the transfer of toast to another, and is the meaning of the word "alaverdi". By the way, his explanatory dictionary so treats. And also relates this word to the middle genus, puts it in the number of those who are not indecipherable and immutable. True, it says also that it can also be used in the meaning of a reciprocal toast, apology or action.
How is "alaverdi" translated?
It turns out that the etymology of this word does not connectus directly with Georgia and its hospitality. The word "alaverdi" consists of two words: allah, which is translated from Arabic as "god", and verdi - in Turkic means "gave". The result is: "Give you God," or in another version: "God keep you."
True, there is another translation, when both partswords are translated from Turkic: "ala" - "take", "verdi" - "gave." It turns out, something like: "I give, take it." This option can already be adapted in sense of the transfer of toast from one speaker to another at the celebration.
Alaverdz and Alaverdoba
And what about the Georgians themselves, what does it mean?"Alaverdi"? Their version is based on historical events. In the XVII century, one of the famous princes of Georgia Bidzin Cholokashvili decided to help Kakheti free themselves from the Persians. In order for his venture to succeed, he, in turn, asked for help from the Ksanist Eristavstva, which was in the neighborhood - in the gorge of Ksani. Neighbors did not refuse, they sent a messenger with a message that still had to be understood correctly. The prince translated the message correctly: the word "alaverdess" meant Avelardoba - a patronal feast, which is celebrated on September 28. It was on this day that help came to Prince Bidzina, and Kakheti was released.
Strangers ask: Alaverdi - what is it? And the Georgians remember each time the sound of this word about the exploits of their ancestors. And the purpose of toast, which they pronounce at various festivals, is to connect the past, the present and the future into an indissoluble whole. Therefore, Georgian toasts are often very long, they sound from 10 to 15 minutes, they contain proverbs and quotations, they necessarily differ in wisdom and have an instructive end.
So that memory is not dulled, a reminder ofthe Alaverdi temple serves as a long-standing event. However, it was built long before the events described in the 5th century by Avvia Joseph, who preached the Christian faith in Georgia. The ancient temple is located near the city of Telava. Of course, it was repeatedly destroyed by the time and from the raids of enemies, but was restored, for example, in 1741. In this temple there is a burial vault of Kakhetian kings. Thousands of pilgrims flock here on September 14, when a temple feast is celebrated.
Alaverdy sounds at feasts
Probably, it is no longer necessary to ask: Alaverdi - what is it? As it is a kind of attribute of any Georgian feast. On the latter I want to talk specifically.
Georgian feast - a fascinating action witha lot of customs, reminiscent of a royal feast or a theatrical action. The hospitality of Georgians is worth learning. After all, they will not spare anything for an expensive guest. Will put on the table all the best that is available in the house. The number of all kinds of dishes and drinks can exceed the guests' ability to eat all this.
The main at the feast is the toastmaster, it is forhe lifts his first toast. During the toast toastmasters guests should prepare to continue his speech. Tamada has the right to warn another "speaker", but he can offer a word unexpectedly, at the end of his toast, saying "alaverdi". As usual, the feast lasts many hours. Tamada all this time follows the order, announces breaks and even finishes latecomers.
And yet the Georgian feast is the firstturn a contest in eloquence. Traditionally, such feasts strictly adhere to the themes of the festival, observing a certain order from the first to the toast. All toasts have musical and song accompaniment. It is important that the toast does not suffer from idle talk and flattery, but is distinguished by sincerity, truthfulness and wisdom.
Let us repeat once again: it is not customary to interrupt a toasting person among Georgians; on the contrary, all participants of the feast listen attentively to each other.
And finally ...
In the final part of the article on the topic "Alaverdi - what is this?", Perhaps, you should pass the word to the next toasting and hear the Georgian toast.
So: "In this hospitable country there is a belief that the time a person spends with respected guests does not count towards age. Therefore, the guest in Georgia is called the messenger of God. SO we will drink for the dear and dear guests, who prolong our youth! "
"A house that does not have a good foundation, withOver time, it collapses. A family that does not have a smart and intelligent master is ruined. In the house or in the family, where there is no hospitable and kind owner, there are no guests.