Beware, varicose veins of the lower extremities - this is dangerous!
Varicose disease of the lower extremities isincrease and loss of elasticity of superficial veins with a violation of outflow of blood. This disease is one of the most common vascular diseases. Such an ailment develops more often in women than in men. This is due to the fact that during pregnancy there is an increased stress on the legs of a woman, as a result of which more than 50% of expectant mothers face varicose veins.
Varicose disease of the lower extremities - treatment technique
At signs of a dyscomfort in legs or foots it is necessary to address to the doctor-phlebologist. The doctor will determine the degree of the disease and prescribe the treatment. Methods of healing can be medicated or surgical.
In diseases of veins in mild form appointpreparations containing horse chestnut, for example, tablets "Venoplant". The composition of this medicine includes herbal ingredients, it is easily tolerated and gives a good therapeutic result. One of the popular medicines is Detralex, which reduces swelling and a feeling of heaviness in the legs, relieves the cramps of the limbs.
Varicose disease of the lower extremities candevelop into a chronic disease. Most often, surgical intervention is used to combat the disease. Chronic venous insufficiency is classified according to the severity of the disease and five stages are distinguished:
- 0-1 - heaviness in the legs, telangiectasia(spider veins and nets), reticular varicose veins. The operation is not required, medications, swimming and hydromassage are prescribed. Sclerotherapy or microsclerotherapy is possible - this is a cosmetic procedure for eliminating telangiectasias.
- 2-3 - varicose veins of the lower extremities andswelling of their tissues. A mini-phlebectomy procedure is used - surgical intervention, in which the affected areas are removed by cutting veins. After removing the bandages, scars may remain.
- 4 - veins, stable edema, lipodermatosclerosis, hyperpigmentation. Surgical treatment is performed, for example, the Babcock surgery.
- 5-6 - diseases of veins on the legs, persistent edema, trophic ulcer. The procedure of mimiflebectomy, endosurgery of veins and plasty of ulcers is in progress.
Varicose disease of lower extremities - exacerbations
The main complications of the disease include:
- Trophic ulcers - as a rule, are located withinner side of lower leg. Ulcers are surrounded by telangiectasias and occur with descending and ascending varicose veins. If the ulcers are close to the diseased veins or there is high venous pressure, bleeding occurs.
- Venous thrombosis is a thrombus formed in the lumen of the veins. It develops if the doctor does not contact the doctor in a timely manner or if the recommendations of the phlebologist are not observed.
Thrombophlebitis is a thrombosis andinflammation of the veins. The most dangerous form of it is acute thrombophlebitis, which can develop on the entire system of veins. This phenomenon is called phlebotrombosis, the disease is fraught with a fatal outcome.
Varicose disease of the lower extremities requires preventive measures. These include contrasting douches, massage and therapeutic gymnastics.