Biography of Savelia Kramarova. Honored Artist of the RSFSR Saveliy Viktorovich Kramarov: private life, filmography
Savely Viktorovich Kramarov - one of the most famous Soviet actors, Honored Artist of the RSFSR. Known for his roles in such cult films as “Gentlemen of Fortune”, “Elusive Avengers”, “Ivan Vasilyevich Changing Profession”, etc. The only Soviet actor who, after emigrating to America, managed to continue his career.
The biography of Savelia Kramarova is fraught with many difficulties. To begin with, he was born in the family of the enemy of the people. This event occurred on October 13, 1934. The father of the future actor was a very famous lawyer in Moscow, Viktor Kramarov, who was simply obsessed with helping others. He wrote a scientific paper about the court, in which he began to criticize the Soviet government.For this he was arrested by the NKVD, and then exiled. His wife, Benedict Solomonovna, was left alone with her little son. The young woman was completely not adapted to independent living, so Victor's brother took care of the family. In addition, to save work, Benedict had to divorce her husband, the enemy of the people.
In school, little Savely did not study very well, but because of his bad behavior he was often punished. Once, the head of the class, wanting to shame a comrade, threatened that if he did not study well, he would not be admitted to the Komsomol. Savely was very happy about this, because then he would not have to tell everyone about his family. He was very afraid that he would be forced to talk about his father. And if he says that the parent is innocent, then it will be even worse, because then Savely will doubt the Soviet regime.
Often the boy skipped lessons and went to the cinema, where Aunt Dusya, a neighbor in a communal apartment, let him in for free. Once Savely wandered into the theater. There on the desk administrator lay a pass. The boy read the name, came up and called it. So he got the opportunity to go to the play.He did this trick several times until he was caught. The administrator called the mother of the boy. When she arrived and found out about everything, she exclaimed: "My son will become an artist."
Soon came the terrible news from the camp: Viktor Kramarov died, according to the official version - he committed suicide. Upon learning of this, Benedict Solomonovna became seriously ill and soon died.
The biography of Savelia Kramarova is full of losses. No sooner had the news of his father’s death arrived than he had to bury his mother. And then he just turned 16 years old. Before his death, his mother asked Savely to take a passport from the police - they should have issued him the documents. The young man rushed into the office with all his feet. The passport was issued to him by a stern woman, who in the column “Russian” wrote her nationality, because, in her opinion, the boy was unlike a Jew. In the future, this graph has played a significant role in the fate of the actor.
Savely wanted to follow in his father's footsteps and become a lawyer. But in such institutions did not accept children "enemies of the people." At the council with relatives, it was decided that the young man would go to study at the Forestry Institute.
The biography of Savelia Kramarova is replete with many fateful accidents. It happened with cinema. Once a young man came back from school and saw that the street was cordoned off in front. It turned out, are filming. He immediately pushed forward and began to observe what was happening. The director casually glanced around the crowd and walked over to Savely. He asked if the young man could play with fear. Kramarov replied that he did not know. After filming, the director praised him, paid three rubles for the work done. We can say that at this moment the actor Savely Kramarov appeared.
A year later, a film with his participation came out on the screens. When the young man saw how plausible he could portray the fright, he himself was very surprised. After that, he realized that he wanted to connect his life with cinema, so he immediately signed up for an acting studio. Soon Kramarov threw his institute and entered VGIK.
First real role
In 1960, the biography of Savely Kramarov changes dramatically. Jacob Segel begins to shoot a new film “My Friend, Kolka!”. In his script was the role of a hooligan and a slacker Vaska, its director and proposed to the young actor.Later, Kramarov called this his best role in his career.
Due to this episodic role, the actor almost instantly became recognizable. His face was very textured and memorable. Many directors began to invite Kramarova to participate in the filming.
Very quickly became famous Savely Kramarov. Films with his participation began to go out one by one: “Without fear and reproach,” “The Adventures of Crosch”, “Formula of Rainbow”, “Fuck with a Portfolio”, “City of Masters” and others. . From some of the proposals even had to refuse because of the tight schedule.
There were cases when the roles were written specifically for Kramarov. Even small episodes with an actor were remembered and brought success to the film. It happened with “Elusive Avengers”, where Kramarov appeared only a couple of times and said only one phrase that became winged: “And the dead with braids are standing along the road! And silence!"
In 1967, the actor receives an invitation to the troupe from V. Polyakov, who recently created the Theater of Miniatures. Savely, who decided to expand the creative range, agreed. To debut, Kramarov decided to stage a scene based on the story of Shukshin.The miniature was included in the play “The Hidden Camera” and ensured its resounding success.
Awards and new offers
In the early 70s, entered the top ten comedians of the USSR Savely Kramarov. "Gentleman of Fortune", shot in 1971, became the best film of the actor. In the picture he played the role of the thief Kosoy. On the set, Kramarov became close friends with E. Leonov and G. Vitsin, who quickly took him under his patronage. They offered to insert into the script the scene of the meeting of Kosoy with his childhood friend from the orphanage.
And in 1974, Savely Viktorovich received the title of Honored Artist. The time from 1971 to 1975 is considered the best period in the career of an actor. Leonid Gaidai finally paid attention to Kramarov.
But Savely himself believed that the level of his acting skills was not good enough, so in 1972 he entered GITIS, which he later graduated with success. But he always believed that this education did not give him anything - an actor can only be born, it is impossible to teach this profession.
But for a short time Savely Kramarov was popular with the Soviet authorities. Films with his participation were loved by the people, but officials saw in his roles not only funny.Soon, a secret decree was passed from the top not to take down the actor anymore, since he plays the role of "imbeciles" that cannot be in Soviet society. In addition, the laughter caused by his characters dulls the most advanced people in the world.
Kramarova virtually ceased to shoot. And the actor, wanting to find at least some outlet, hit the faith. He began to go to the synagogue, to pray. One day, he even refused to speak, because it was on Saturday, and on that day Jewish believers should not work. Such religiosity only worsened the position of the actor.
Then Kramarov decided to leave. For a long time they refused to let him out of the country. The artist even had to write an open letter to Ronald Reagan, the US president, in which he asked to be allowed to move to America.
As a result, October 31, 1981 Kramarov left the USSR.
Life in america
Savely Kramarov in America continued his acting career. In 1982, he took part in the shooting of the comedy “Moscow on the Hudson”, where he played together with Ilya Baskin, with whom they once met on the set of “Big Change”. In the picture, Savely Viktorovich was played by a KGB agent.Three scenes with his participation were the funniest in the whole comedy.
Then Kramarov starred in the film "2010", playing in it the Soviet cosmonaut. After her, he inherited the role of a butler in the Return of Morgan Stewart. A native of the Soviet Union managed to get comfortable in a new place.
For Kramarov, participation in the action movie “Red Heat” became a serious stage on the path of advancement in Hollywood. He had a cameo role just for a minute, but during that time he had to utter a big monologue.
In the US, the actor finally got his own house, which he dreamed while living in a communal flat. In the morning I ran through the woods, in the afternoon I was walking.
While Kramarov conquered the American screens, in his homeland his name was cut out from the credits of all the pictures in which he appeared. The name of the actor was not in the film magazines, nor in reference books about the cinema. It was as if he had never been. However, no one dared to cut it out of the films themselves, since the success of many films was provided by the heroes performed by Kramarov.
During the years of foreign life, the role of Savely Kramarov was not forgotten by his compatriots. Despite the fact that in the credits of his name was not, from the screens of his characters have not gone away.Therefore, when the actor came to his homeland, he was received with great cordiality.
Kramarov visited Moscow twice - in 1992 and 1994. During his first visit, he spent most of his time at the Kinotavr in Sochi, where he was met by crowds of fans.
In Russia, he mainly visited friends and relatives. Once on the Arbat he was nearly torn to pieces by an enthusiastic crowd. Soon, one of the central channels showed his interview in which Kramarov spoke about life. After the first visit, Russian directors again began to invite him to act. The actor starred in the film M. Kokshenova "Russian business", which played a major role. Then he took part in the shooting of "Nastya" G. Danelia.
Savely Kramarov: the cause of death and the last years of life
However, the rapidly deteriorating state of health did not allow the actor to continue his career. In January 1995, Kramarov was diagnosed with rectal cancer. Already in February, an operation took place, after which the actor underwent a course of chemotherapy. At the same time, he developed acute thrombosis. Gradually, blood clots spread throughout the circulatory system and hit the brain. This led to a stroke, the consequences of which were extremely severe - paralysis, dumbness and blindness.In the last days of his life, the actor could only hear, and close readers to him letters from fans sent from his homeland. June 6, 1995, Savely Kramarov died. The cause of death is a repeated stroke, which the doctors could not prevent.
The actor was buried in a Jewish cemetery in a suburb of San Francisco. A year later, a monument was erected on the grave, made by a close friend of Kramarov by sculptor Mikhail Shemyakin. The grave of the actor has become a place of pilgrimage for many of his compatriots.
Savely Kramarov: personal life
Despite the fact that the actor was spoiled by female attention, in his personal life he was not lucky. He dreamed all his life to meet an “intelligent intelligent girlfriend,” but he never found happiness.
However, he married several times. His first wife was classmate Lyudmila, with whom they studied at GITIS. But the union lasted about a year. The second wife was a civilian, called her Masha, with her Kramarov lived 13 years.
In 1986, Savely Viktorovich officially married again. The second official wife gave birth to the actor's daughter Benya. The marriage soon fell apart, but Kramarov, until the end of his days, retained affection and love for his only child.
The last wife of the actor was Natalia Siradze. She had already met her in the USA.Together, the couple lived only a year, which was the last in the life of Kramarov.