Features of the philosophy of the Ancient East?

Features of the philosophy of the Ancient East?

  1. Confucianism, Taoism, Hinduism and Buddhism are mostly. In the first case, patriarchy, the second taught about the will of Heaven and the secret power of Tao, the third one about the fact that people consist of different hierarchical castes and the last one that can get rid of torment in this life, by isolating from society
  2. The peculiarity of the ancient Eastern (all but especially Indian) philosophy is in its problems. She was looking for a way to happiness.
  3. In contrast to the West, there is no division of the world into an object - and the subject is always analyzed in synthesis
  4. I adore the eastern philosophy, and I will say more accessible words) It's like a breath of fresh air, a balm for the soul. It's for the soul, when the brain turns off and you really start talking to yourself, in the language that only you know ....
    Something like this)
  5. philosophy is a single infinity.
  6. In the ancient East there were many religious philosophical and philosophical schools, and even completely opposite teachings, they are united only by the absence of a rationalistic (scientific) method of cognition. Usually it is precisely this feature that is spoken of when Western and Eastern philosophical schools are opposed.
  7. do no harm
  8. 1. In contrast to the philosophy of the West, the philosophy of the East has focused its attention on the human problem, and considers the human problem from the point of view of practice, without delving into the essence of the natural philosophical, ontological, epistemological, logical foundations of this practical being of man as it was in ancient philosophy.
    2. Eastern philosophy develops in close interaction with religion, examples are Brahmanism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism. Western philosophy is more committed to scientific methodology and dissociates itself from religion.
    The philosophical teachings of the West in the era of the ancient world did not turn into any of the world's religions. Moreover, in the Western classical philosophy, especially in the writings of Democritus, Epicurus, Lucrezia Cara and other philosophers, the atheistic tendency is quite strong.
    3. The development of a categorical apparatus: in Eastern philosophy many categories, proposed by mythology, are organically perceived. Western philosophy mostly operates in the traditional philosophical categories: movement, opposition, unity, matter, consciousness, space, time, peace, substance, etc.
    4. Differences in solving problems of cognition. In eastern philosophy, emphasis is placed on practical consciousness, in Western - cognition is considered not only as empirical, sensory and rational, but also as a logical one, that is, the development of problems of logic is given. A great contribution to their solution was made by Socrates, Plato and especially Aristotle.
    5. In the social philosophical problems of antiquity, rationalism prevails. Thus, in Plato Dialogues alone, definitions are given of the concepts of fate, old age, virtue, reasonableness, justice, patience, composure, conscientiousness, freedom, modesty, decency, generosity of goodness, peaceableness, frivolity, friendship, generosity, faith, sanity, etc. Eastern philosophy is dominated by Cosmeticism, so, the problems of the universal human being, universal human values ​​are considered. So, in particular, in Chinese philosophy, Confucius tried to show the need for a hierarchy of social structures, the subordination of people. Much attention is paid in Eastern philosophy to the problem of law, the attitude of the people and the ruler.
    6. Eastern philosophy is more traditional, seeks harmony in the world with the support of tradition, Western in this respect is more oriented to innovation. Therefore, the spiritual civilization of the West turned out to be more open to changes, searching for truth in various directions, including atheistic, intellectual, practical.

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