French Mastiff: breed description
Dogue de Bordeaux, or French Mastiff, is a large, powerful dog, endowed with an excellent memory and high intelligence. Initially, he was taken out for the protection of houses and participation in dog fighting. But over time, this mission has lost its relevance, and now these animals are used as companions and pets. In today's publication you will find a lot of useful information about the representatives of this breed.
A bit of history
This breed has very deep roots dating back to 374 BC. In those days, on earth there was an ancient state of Epirus, which was ruled by representatives of the Molossian family. The breeding of large fighting dogs, used for protection, began with them.
The Epirians actively traded the bred animals, and they quickly gained a certain popularity. Over time, these dogs became not just guards, but also an indicator of the high status and wealth of their owner. The ancient Romans, who landed on the British Isles and first saw these huge animals, were amazed by their power and beauty. They have acquired several such dogs.Subsequently, they decided to cross the Moloss with the British. And puppies, obtained from such a mating and inheriting all the best qualities from both parents, gave rise to a new breed.
The French mastiff came to Russia only in 1992. The first representative of this breed was brought to Moscow. A little later, these animals appeared in other cities.
Dogo de Bordeaux is a powerful, stocky dog with a well muscled and athletic body. The height of an adult individual varies between 58-70 centimeters, and the minimum weight is 45-50 kilograms. The cylindrical neck, separated from the head by a barely noticeable transverse fold, smoothly passes into a well-pronounced withers, a muscular back, a short strong loin and a slightly sloping croup, ending with a long flexible tail. Under the squat hull with rounded ribs and a wide chest there are straight parallel limbs.
The French mastiff, the description of which we will try to place in several short paragraphs, has a trapezoid head with a well-filled wide muzzle. It has a well-pigmented, slightly upturned nose-nose with open nostrils. Strong powerful jaws with large fangs, covered with a thick, hanging upper lip.
Coat and color
The whole body of Bordeaux Dogge is covered with a thick, fairly loose skin, covered with thin, short and smooth fur. The dog's coat is very soft and silky to the touch.
As for the color, it should be monotonous. The shade of wool can vary from golden-fawn to red-brown. White spots are allowed on the chest and on the tips of the paws. On the face of the animal may be brown or black mask.
Vices and shortcomings
Since the price of the French mastiff is quite high, before buying it you need to carefully study the breed standard. Especially when it comes to acquiring a dog for exhibitions. This document clearly outlines all the flaws and flaws that prevent the dog from participating in breeding.
The official standard does not allow a short round head with bulging eyes, lateral deviation of the lower jaw, an arched back and flat thighs. Serious flaws include twisted forepaws, close or barrel-shaped hind limbs, short wheezing, too large or too small an angle of the knee joints.
The French mastiff should not have a long, narrow head with a poorly defined compression, a Roman nose and twisted jaw. Animals with an atrophied, twisted, knotted and horizontally deflected tail are not allowed to participate in exhibitions. The number of disqualifying faults includes fangs, constantly visible with the mouth closed, the tongue hanging from the mouth shut, and the legs turned outwards. In breeding breeding, dogs with white spots on the head or tip of the tail are not used, as well as individuals with a non-standard color.
Character of the French Mastiff
Despite the awesome appearance and large size, the Bordeaux dogs have a calm and benevolent disposition. They easily get along with other pets with whom they grew up with puppyhood, and if necessary can intercede for a weaker animal. Representatives of this breed are wary of strangers, but they never attack first.
The French Mastiff is a dog with a pronounced protective instinct. Therefore, there is nothing strange in the fact that in the presence of outsiders this dog behaves very detached.He is always vigilant and ideally suited to the role of watchman.
Representatives of this breed have a stable psyche and are not prone to wastefulness. They are very attached to their owner and his family members. In the circle of loved ones, they turn into tender and sensitive creatures. Bordeaux Mastiffs are very touchy. They will not tolerate harsh hysterical shouts and are seriously enduring undeserved punishment. In such cases, the dogs feel unloved and may lose confidence in the owner.
Maintenance and care
Grooming the French mastiff, the description of which is discussed in today's publication, is a relatively easy task. The smooth, short coat of this animal requires regular brushing. It should not be bathed more than twice a year. It is desirable to do this with the use of special shampoos, which you can buy at any pet store. In addition, the owner will have to carefully monitor the condition of the folds that exist on the dog's face. They constantly accumulate dust, dirt and food debris. This may cause irritation of the skin. To maintain their purity, it is recommended to periodically wipe this part of the animal’s body with a damp cloth.The eyes and ears of Bordeaux Great Dane require no less attention. They need to be systematically cleaned of dirt accumulated there. In addition, this big dog needs regular grooming of claws, vaccination, treatment from external and internal parasites.
Due to the enormous size of the Bordeaux mastiff is not suitable for living in city apartments. It is better to lodge it in a spacious private house with a large garden plot, where the dog may have plenty to frolic in the warm season. The French Mastiff (the description and characteristics of the breed are presented in today's publication) has a short coat. Therefore, it does not tolerate low temperatures. In order to avoid hypothermia in the winter, it can not be constantly maintained outside.
Like any other dog, Dogo de Bordeaux can eat both industrial and natural food. In the first case, it is preferable to purchase products of super premium or lapastic-class, issued by proven manufacturers with a good reputation. This dry food contains not only nutrients, but also the whole range of vitamins and minerals necessary for normal growth and proper formation of a dog's body.
Those who decide to feed their French mastiff with natural food should remember that the basis of the dog menu should be meat. It can be beef, lamb or poultry. Also, the dog must regularly be given raw sea fish of low-fat varieties and by-products, including liver, heart, kidney and scar. All this should be frozen for several days or scalded boiling water.
Not less important component of the dog menu are vegetables and fruits. For these purposes, pumpkin, carrot, zucchini, sweet paprika and apples are best suited. In addition, the dog should systematically give kefir, yogurt, low-fat cottage cheese and boiled eggs. As for cereals, the Bordeaux dogs do not really need them. But at will they can be boiled from buckwheat, rice or oatmeal.
These dogs can not be fed chocolate, fried, salty, smoked and spicy foods. It is strictly forbidden to give them tubular bones, sweets, river fish and leftovers from the master's table. Such feeding can cause serious health problems for your pet.
Representatives of this breed are easy to learn.However, due to some peculiarities of their character, the education of puppies of the French mastiff must be practiced immediately after purchase. But first, the child must be given time to adapt to new conditions of life and to get used to the owners.
In the process of training can not break down on a cry or be cruel. In this way, you will make the dog fear you. With the right systematic approach, an excellent companion and reliable protector will quickly grow out of a small puppy.
Immediately, we note that the life expectancy of these large beautiful dogs usually does not exceed ten years. In general, they have good health, but, like any living organisms, they are prone to various diseases.
Most often, French mastiffs are diagnosed with joint problems. They are prone to abnormal skeletal growth and arthritis. They also often have flatulence, problems with the cardiovascular system, lymphoma, cancer, hyperkeratosis, torsion of the stomach, epilepsy, kidney failure, ear infections and heat intolerance.
Pros and cons of breed
Buying a French Mastiff is a very serious and crucial step.Therefore, before you bring such a puppy home, you need to carefully weigh everything and think about it. The representatives of this breed have a number of undeniable advantages, which include attractive appearance, excellent learning ability and excellent protective qualities.
However, like any other dog, they have several significant drawbacks. The disadvantages of this breed include the high cost of puppies, low mobility, expensive maintenance and snoring at night.
Who is this dog for?
Representatives of this breed require constant attention from the owner. They need regular physical and mental stress. Therefore, their owners should become people who have enough free time. Plus, they should be able to provide their pet with quality food, classes with an instructor and regular veterinary care.
Since this dog has an impressive size, it will be crowded in a city apartment. Therefore, it is advisable to buy Bordeaux dogs only to those who live in a spacious private house with an extensive, enclosed backyard plot.
How much is a French mastiff and how to choose a puppy?
If you definitely decided to get yourself a representative of this breed, it is better to contact a specialized nursery, professionally engaged in breeding Bordeaux dogs. Only in this way you will be sure that your chosen dog is completely healthy and has no pathologies. It is advisable that the parents of the baby you like have all the documents confirming their origin. It is good if they have training diplomas, exhibition titles and awards.
When choosing a Bordeaux puppy, you need to pay attention to its behavior and appearance. He should be fun, playful and active. It is important that the baby does not show the slightest sign of cowardice or aggression. A healthy puppy should have a soft belly, shiny hair, clean eyes and ears.
Those who are interested in how much the French Mastiff costs, the description of which can be viewed a little higher, need to be made clear that this figure depends on several important factors. But usually the price of such dogs ranges from 150 to 3000 dollars.