Gothic castles: a photo of medieval architecture in the Gothic style
Gothic architecture is timeless. Mysterious and rather gloomy style appeared in the Middle Ages, becoming widespread in Western Europe. Originated in France at the turn of the 11th – 12th centuries, it began to gain incredible popularity. Until the XVI century, temples, palaces and castles, decorated in the best traditions of the Gothic.
One of the most fascinating architectural styles admires the special charm, which consists in the complexity of the whole structure. Real works of art, which have stood the test of time, are conquered by sharp spiers soaring into the sky, the radiance of gold and silver, and bright colors.
Unique masterpieces of world architecture
Ancient Gothic castles - witnesses of our history. They beckon harsh beauty, immersing themselves in the atmosphere of past centuries. Powerful buildings, fanned by legends and preserved almost unchanged, have a special aura.Of course, many people dream of wandering through the strongholds that hold many secrets, but not everyone can afford it. We will make a virtual journey that will introduce you to the unique masterpieces of world architecture.
The Gothic style, which first appeared in France, grew out of the Romanesque and was called "French." It was here that he found his soul. In Burgundy, the most famous wine district, there is a small castle that has not lost its authenticity. Erected in the 30s of the XII century, it is perfectly preserved to this day. The historical monument is a stone fortress located on a high hill of the Burgundy canal valley.
The defensive citadel, fortified with powerful walls and high towers, after the change of owners changed the architectural style to the trendy Gothic. Chateau-neuf castle was repeatedly rebuilt and expanded: residential houses appeared, a small chapel with beautiful frescoes.
In 1936, the building was donated to the state, and now most of the premises are open to tourists. The interior of the majestic buildings restored, and visitors can imagine the medieval life.
Hospitable Czech Republic is not by chance called the "land of castles".Mysterious fortresses that appeared in the Middle Ages, retained the severity and simplicity of the lines. Powerful buildings with impregnable walls protected the inhabitants from enemy raids. Castles in the Gothic style, photos of which excite the imagination, are real treasures that attract the attention of travelers. The cradle of Czech rulers is located in a picturesque place, 50 km from Prague. In the country estate were signed important documents relating to the fate of the state.
At the beginning of the 15th century, the castle of Krshivoklat, destroyed during the Hussite Wars, loses its significance. A century later, a fully restored stone fortress was used as a prison for especially important criminals. Now tourists are happy to visit the Gothic castle of the Middle Ages, in which there is something to see. In the huge knight’s hall there is an interesting collection of ancient weapons, and the magnificent art gallery and library of the Czech kings are of interest to tourists.
In Germany, all the fortresses, which were symbols of power, were built to protect the territory. German Gothic castles are deservedly considered the most beautiful, not only in the country but also in the world.The rich historical heritage of the state was reflected in the old buildings, which reached their descendants almost in their original form.
An architectural landmark standing on a cliff has always been an impregnable stronghold, but for many centuries it has not experienced a single siege. The famous Reinstein Castle, located in the Rhine Valley, was of great strategic importance. It declines in the middle of the XIV century, and in 1794 it is bought by the Persian prince, who makes a large-scale reconstruction. There are jousting tournaments, luxurious balls, and the master who loves art does not spare huge sums for decorating the halls. In the 70s of the last century, on the wave of interest in the Middle Ages, the castle undergoes reconstruction and turns into a national treasure. Modern tourists will be able to see the invaluable collection of historical and art exhibits. In addition, for visitors who dream to immerse themselves in the atmosphere of past centuries, exciting night tours are conducted.
In the Grodno region (Belarus), in the village of Mir, is one of the most important tourist sites protected by UNESCO.The Gothic medieval castle, founded by Prince Ilyinich, was first mentioned in the chronicles in 1395. Powerful high walls with loopholes and battle galleys were evidence of the excellent defense capability of the whole complex of structures, but the village really was a quiet corner, and no one attacked the inhabitants of the citadel.
Historians believe that the local landmark was built for the sake of prestige: the prince dreamed of the title of count, and to get it, the applicant must have owned the castle. Many rulers envied the wealth and luxury of the architectural ensemble, around which a wonderful garden was laid out. The castle that survived the Northern War and the invasion of Napoleon gradually collapsed. He found his second birth at the end of the XIX century, when Prince Nikolai Svyatopolk-Mirsky moved here.
Now there is almost nothing left of the former luxury of the Gothic castle, the photos of which tourists must take as a souvenir. However, guests do not get tired to admire the amazing beauty of red brick walls and small snow-white niches with arched openings. The renovation continues at the present time, and, as the authorities promise, in a few years, visitors will see the restored park and pond.
Surprisingly, but in Russia you can also find a medieval castle in the Gothic style. In the Vladimir region, in the Murom forests, hides an interesting architectural monument. Vladimir Khrapovitsky, a well-known timber merchant, who visited France, was greatly impressed after a trip to the Loire Valley. Locals proudly showed their possessions, and the entrepreneur wanted to build a castle that would not be inferior to them in beauty.
The retired colonel began construction on his family estate Muromtsevo, and a young but very talented architect Peter Boytsov, who adored the Gothic style, agreed to help make his dream come true. Five years later, a luxurious castle appeared, surrounded by a beautiful pond and a green park. Contemporaries of the entrepreneur called the architectural miracle, equipped with all the technical innovations, "Versailles in Russian."
The sad fate of the estate
Unfortunately, the fate of the Gothic castle turned out to be sad: after the revolution, its owners emigrated from the country, and the estate was ransacked. For many years, villagers cut down trees in the park, took out bricks and expensive tiles from the masonry.Now the estate is a terrible sight: the roof collapsed, and inside the terrible dirt and devastation.
Despite the fact that the noble estate was declared a monument, protected by the state, no one is in a hurry to restore the national treasure. Five years ago, the castle was handed over to the Vladimir-Suzdal Museum-Reserve, but its employees do not have the necessary funds to restore the Muromtsevo estate.