Line manager: definition, management, tasks and functions
Each organization has management personnel. They include three categories of people: performers, specialists and managers. The latter, in turn, are divided into:
- Functional, which are responsible for specific units performing certain functions in the field of management.
- Linear, based on the principle of one-man management. They are responsible for the development of the whole company, or its separate part, for example, the site, the shop, the association and so on.
The line manager is the headseparate subdivision, economic or production. With the help of the administrative apparatus entrusted to him, he coordinates the work of subordinate employees, making key decisions related to the functioning of his department (bureau, shop, firm).
The head belongs to one of the mainpositions in the company. The more it is bigger and more difficult, the higher the requirements will be submitted to the applicant for this position. A person endowed with certain managerial rights, duties, and norms of behavior, always behaves individually, so it is important for everyone to be able to monitor subordinates, make important decisions, and delegate authority as necessary.
Management activities of line managers assume that they should be responsible for the entrusted site. For this they are obliged:
- to monitor the correct and uninterrupted operation of the unit entrusted to them;
- perform production tasks;
- competently manage staff;
- improve the work of the organization, optimize it.
If the line manager refers to his ownresponsibilities responsibly, is able to effectively manage employees, as well as production process, then the company has all chances to gain financial prosperity and success.
Tasks and functions
The line manager performs a number of functions and tasks:
- Control over compliance with production processes; identification and troubleshooting.
- Tracking that workers adhere to the labor regulations and discipline, followed the rules of occupational safety and health.
- Conducting briefings for employees; forming brigades, coordinating their activities, monitoring their qualifications and professionalism.
- Implementation of measures for the proper use of existing tools and equipment, compliance with the requirements of industrial sanitation.
- One of the main duties performed by the site manager is the acceptance of completed work.
- Establishment and clarification of production tasks to workers, monitoring of their implementation, summary of results.
- Analysis of employees' labor, their encouragement, imposition of penalties, training; conducting educational work, team building.
- Carry out activities to increase labor productivity, reduce costs, improve the conditions of professional activity, disseminate innovative experience, and so on.
Effectiveness of management activities
The official status of the manager affects hisbehavior and sequence of actions in matters relating to the structures of organization and distribution of powers. He defines the social and functional role of the manager.
Whether the site manager effectively manages his activity, can be assessed using some parameters:
- Evaluation of the final results of the functioning of the organization, as well as the costs of the management process.
- The level of organization and content of the work of the head.
- Rationality of the structure of the company, its organizational and technical potential.
- Ability to motivate subordinates, force them to make maximum efforts to achieve their goals.
Head of the site
Head of the shop is a line managermiddle level. He must have a higher professional or secondary technical education, as well as an experience of activity that is at least three to five years.
This position assumes the following activities:
- management of the shop;
- implementation of production tasks;
- perfection of used technologies;
- planning and accounting work;
- creation of safe working conditions;
- arrangements for maintenance of equipment;
- staff motivation;
- creating a favorable atmosphere in the team.
Head of the workshop should be familiar with the technologyproduction, key organizational documents, methods of effective planning and stimulation of workers, the basics of management and economics, the rules of labor protection.
Human Resource Management
The priority line of the linearmanager - development of personnel. It is much more expedient to make investments not in production capacities, but in improving personnel. To do this, it is necessary to train employees, affecting the amount of skills and knowledge; improve their qualifications; send people to professional reorientation.
The line manager must:
- support those staff members who are capable of learning;
- introduce best practices;
- develop qualified personnel;
- reduce fluidity;
- to inspire other managers the importance of staff development.
Thus, managers of the linear typeperform important tasks for the rational management of companies, or their separate subdivisions. They are obliged to increase the efficiency of production with all their efforts not only through the use of innovative technologies, but also the development of personnel. A good leader knows how to achieve the set goals in the optimal time, motivate employees, plan and make adjustments, and correctly evaluate the results.