Meningitis enterovirus: symptoms of the disease
Viral infection of an infectious nature, withwhich is observed headaches, fever, vomiting, is called "meningitis enterovirus." Symptoms of this serious illness should be known to everyone. This kind of meningitis is quite common. Moreover, recently this disease is diagnosed more often.
Meningitis enterovirus: symptoms
The first signs of the disease can be detecteda week after infection, before this, the so-called incubation period lasts. Residents of large cities, mostly children of younger preschool age, are most prone to such a disease as meningitis enterovirus. Symptoms begin to manifest themselves with catarrhal phenomena: coughing, runny nose, loose stools. Especially dangerous this disease for newborns and children up to 2-3 months. At this age, enterovirus lesions of the central nervous system are usually an element of severe systemic diseases, such as myocarditis, liver necrosis, intravascular coagulation, and necrotizing enterocolitis. In this case, the disease is bacterial sepsis. In this case, the disease can be detected in 27-62% of children infected with enterovirus infection.
If older children or adultsfall ill with such a disease as meningitis enterovirus, the symptoms in this case will be more sudden and acute. There are severe headaches, photophobia, a sharp increase in temperature to 38-40 ºС, rigidity of the occipital muscles. Some patients experience vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, rash, pharyngitis.
Associated with such a disease as acutemeningitis, symptoms in young children may include neck stiffness and protrusion of the fontanel. Also, there may be an increase in temperature, poor sleep, irritability, diarrhea, rhinitis.
As a rule, recovery after enteroviral meningitis occurs within 7-10 days. In most cases, residual phenomena are not observed.
Causes of the disease
Enterovirus meningitis can be caused by virusesCoxsackie A, B, ECHO, enterovirus 68 and 71 serotype. Each of the enteroviruses has many serotypes. Epidemic outbreaks of this disease occur mainly in the summer-autumn season.
Treatment of enteroviral meningitis
When the disease is mandatory compliancebed rest. Meningitis of the brain is treated with analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antiemetics and sedatives. Also, along with general treatment of the disease, drugs are prescribed that improve the patient's well-being. Such drugs help to eliminate nausea, reduce intracranial pressure, improve the functioning of the vessels of the brain, etc.
Prevention of meningitis
Protect yourself from this disease by observing simple rules:
- careful compliance with personal hygiene standards;
- observance of hygiene of a dwelling, destruction of all insects and rodents in office and residential premises;
- timely treatment of colds;
- adherence to the principles of healthy eating;
- regular physical activity and walking in the fresh air;