Muslim monuments on the grave
Each religion preaches its ownattitude to death, respectively, the customs and rituals of the wires of the dead and their funeral in each faith are different. The Muslim religion was no exception. It has strict enough rules for burial of the deceased, and certain requirements are put forward to Muslim monuments. What is allowed to be installed on the graves of Muslims, what can be depicted on their monuments, and what is strictly forbidden by the Koran and Sharia, we will consider in our article. For a good example, let's take a few photos of Muslim monuments.
The attitude of Muslims towards death
First of all, it is worth knowing that in the Islamicreligion has its own understanding of death. For a Muslim his death is not something terrible, and it can not be unexpected. By people of this religion, death is perceived as an inevitable phenomenon, and for the most part they are fatalistic towards it. It is believed that a good Muslim, who in Allah's lifetime, after death returns to him. To regret in this occasion it is forbidden.
Muslim funerals should be held modestly andrestrained. Unlike Christians, Muslims do not take to openly mourn and cry loudly. Tears for the dead are allowed only for women and children. Since after death the deceased gets to Allah and he is given prosperity, writing on Muslim monuments sad words about the death of the deceased, regret and the promise to long grieve over it is prohibited.
Modesty, devoid of all the rich excesses
Almost all people who adhere toChristian religion, consider it a duty of honor to erect to their relatives and close people graves with worthy monuments. They erect huge granite structures on monuments, monuments, can install statues in the form of angels and the deceased. In the plates are mounted huge flower vases, near the graves are installed luxurious fences and other structures, for which relatives have enough imagination and, of course, material means.
People believe that by spending huge amounts of money onerection of chic monuments, they express their love for the deceased person, demonstrate how important it was to them and how much they appreciate it. Muslims, on the other hand, believe that respect for the deceased should be shown in prayers for him, but not at all a gorgeous monument erected on the grave. The Muslim monument in the cemetery should look modest, without excess and pathos. He has only one function - to indicate that in this place a person is buried.
Tradition to designate the place of burial takes itsbeginning in one of the hadiths. It says that after the death of Uthman ibn Mazun, the Prophet put a stone in his grave and said that now he will know where the grave of his brother is. Also, the Koran is forbidden to step on the graves and burial places of Muslims. Accordingly, the monuments help to identify these places.
Acceptable text engraving
According to one version, the Prophet forbadeto connect the graves of Muslims to anything, build something over them, and also cover them with plaster. From this it follows that writing inscriptions on Muslim monuments is also impossible. Some scientists believe that these words about inscriptions should be perceived not as a ban, but as an extremely undesirable action. If, for example, the grave belongs to a well-known figure, a righteous man or a scholar, the designation on the grave of his name will be considered a good deed.
On the graves of ordinary Muslims, it is permitted to indicate the name of the dead only for their designation. Writing the date of death is undesirable (makrooh), but it is allowed.
The question of whetherdecorate the graves with inscriptions from the Koran or engrave on them the words of the Prophet. Recently, such engravings in Muslim cemeteries are very common. But if we turn to history, it becomes clear that this is haram (sin). According to one of the hadiths, to engrave the words of the Prophet, the surahs and verses of the Qur'an are impossible, because with time the graves can be leveled off the ground and they will be walked by feet. The words of the Prophet can thus be defiled.
What should not be on Muslim monuments and graves
The grave of a real Muslim should be modest. On the monument there should be no inscriptions about the grief of relatives and friends. To place a photograph of the deceased on the monument is also not worth it.
On the grave is categorically not allowed to buildcrypts, mausoleums and tombs. The Sharia prohibits erecting monuments that are too beautiful and show a wealth of relatives. It is believed that different monuments and lushly decorated graves can cause quarrels between the dead. This will prevent them from enjoying the Allah-given prosperity after death.
For a long time the mosque permits not onlyTo write on the monuments the name of the deceased and the date of his death, now it is allowed to indicate some symbols. On men's monuments you can depict a crescent moon, and on women's monuments - flowers (their number means the number of children). Photos of Muslim monuments on the grave with such symbols are given in the article.
The shape of the monument and the materials from which they are made
Muslim monuments in the cemetery, photos of whichyou can see in the article, they are built, as a rule, from marble or granite. Often they are made in the form of a kind of arched structure, which at the top resembles a dome. Sometimes the top of the monument is made in the form of a dome of a mosque or in the form of a minaret.
In what direction should the monument be turned
The question of which way to lookmonument, for Muslims is fundamentally important. The grave must be built in such a way that it is possible to place the deceased in her face in the direction of Mecca. This tradition can not be violated categorically, and the mosque treats it strictly strictly.Accordingly, and the monument is installed onlyface to the east. For this reason, in Muslim cemeteries, all monuments are facing only one way. Passing through these cemeteries, it is very easy to determine the direction. The eastern side is always located where all the buildings on the graves are facing.