Neurotic Disorders: causes, symptoms, treatment
According to researchers, neuroticdisorders are almost the most common chronic disease, characteristic of our time, and are inextricably linked with the development of technology and civilization. Over the past few years, a large number of people have seen neurotic symptoms. However, they existed in antiquity, though in a slightly different form, and were not considered as symptoms of the disease.
Neurosis is the collective name of a groupvarious functional psychogenic disorders that have a tendency to prolonged course. Neuroses (neurotic disorders) are characterized by hysterical or intrusive manifestations, a short-term decrease in physical and mental performance. The very concept of "neurosis" is introduced into medicine by the Scottish physician William Cullen in 1776.
Any person, even the most stable, is capable ofdifficult life situations to manifest these or other neurotic symptoms. Such vital situations as examinations, the need to speak to the audience, participation in an important event are often accompanied by sweating, stuttering, spasmolytic pain in the intestines, diarrhea, a feeling of ringing or emptiness in the head. However, no one considers it a neurosis.
To the main neurogenic factors that playan essential role in the diffusion of the neurosis are: constant rush, various negative emotions, protracted psychic experiences or internal struggles, failure to perform any task, the need to hide anger, the impact of infectious and endocrine diseases, a sense of rivalry, urbanization, noise, harmful chemical and physical phenomena, changes and crisis in the family, the weakening of interpersonal contacts.
According to scientists, neurotic disordersaccount for 25% of the total number of mental illnesses. Not infrequently neurotic disorders are observed in children, which most often appear at school age and during puberty.
Common symptoms of neuroses include:
- a feeling of sluggishness, weakness even in the morning, increased fatigue;
- instability of mood, irritability, impressionability;
- deterioration of memory and attention, inability to concentrate, quick exhaustion and distraction, pessimistic thoughts, deterioration of sight and hearing;
- a violation of appetite, a decrease in the instinct of self-preservation, violations in the sexual sphere;
- Sweating, nausea, unexplained vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, unstable blood pressure and pulse.
Modern classification distinguishes three main types of neuroses: hysterical neurosis, neurasthenia and obsessional neurosis.
Hysterical neurosis characterized by the presencethe following symptoms: aphonia - inability to speak loudly, communication with a mild whisper, paralysis, hysterical blindness, inability to keep on feet, staggering.
The most common type of neurosisis neurasthenia, which is characterized by a state of increased excitability and irritability, a tendency to conflict, along with asthenic syndrome, a tendency to overestimate difficulties, a sense of weakness and incapacity. In addition, this condition is often accompanied by neurotic sleep disorders, palpitations, anorexia.
A more serious condition is neurosiscompulsive states, which is characterized by forcible recall of fears, the emergence of thoughts, aspirations, actions, ideas. Also, patients tend to adhere to various, self-invented, rituals supposedly designed to prevent anything.
Most people with such aneurotic disorders, never seek medical help, and the symptoms change significantly and / or gradually disappear after rest and thanks to the support of relatives.