Newborn vision: stages of development
All happy parents carefully examine the baby, and his eyes are, of course, the subject of special attention. Many people think that newborns do not see or hear anything, but this is a profound delusion. Mother and father should pay special attention to how well their baby sees, and pay attention to whether he has any problems. In order to understand such an important issue as the vision of newborns, it is necessary to consider the stages of its development and everything that may become a subject of concern for the mother and father.
Features of the development of vision in newborns
Parents should pay special attention to the vision of newborns in the first few months after their birth, because it is during this period that it develops most rapidly, and during this time the most common problems and unwanted changes can occur.
Probably all new parents and families who are just planning to conceive a baby, I wonder what kind of vision in newborns. Many people mistakenly assume that children under 1 month do not hear or see anything. However, this is a misconception.Naturally, a child under 1 sees absolutely not the same as an adult, and his vision has some peculiarities. It is necessary to consider them.
It must be said that the vision of the child from the moment of his conception until the age of 7 is only developing and improving. A newborn baby can not see and perceive the world as an adult. The visual acuity of a newborn is so small that it is able to distinguish only light and shade, so there is no talk about the perception of visual images. Every day and month, the baby’s vision develops, and by the age of 1 he is able to see and perceive about a third of what his parents can see.
When is it necessary to check the eyesight of a baby?
Vision in newborns must be checked regularly in order to detect various changes in time. The first check takes place in the maternity hospital, after which it is necessary to show the baby to the doctor in a month, six months and a year after his birth. Experts will need to examine the fundus of the eye, to study the size, as well as the symmetry of the pupils of the child. The doctor will also examine the reaction of the pupil to light stimulation, assess the state of visual function.Checking the vision of newborns is simply necessary in order to identify existing problems and fix them in time.
Sight in the first days and weeks after birth
Eyesight in newborns at 1 month is not at all the same as in an adult. Many believe that a child is born blind and sees absolutely nothing. It's not like that at all. Yes, a newborn baby does not distinguish the outlines of small objects, but he is already able to react to light. In the first month after birth, the newborn baby sees the world in black and white, because his eyes are not yet able to perceive bright colors. It should be said that the baby perceives the outlines of large objects and people. Also, the newborn sees the face of his mother, which is located no farther than 20-30 cm from his face.
It should be said that at such an age babies often mow their eyes, but more often it is not at all a dangerous phenomenon. If the mother has noticed this in her baby, it is best to go to see a specialist who will determine whether this condition is the norm or a deviation.
The vision of a newborn child is arranged in such a way that they perceive all objects in black and white.Bright and contrasting colors for them are difficult to see, as are the various shades close in spectrum.
All happy mothers should pay attention to the development of vision in newborns so that the baby has no problems with the perception of the world around him. In order to avoid various undesirable changes in the vision of the newborn, every mother should know what to pay special attention to.
To begin with, happy parents must constantly pay attention to the size of their baby's eyeballs. Normally, the eyes of a newborn should be the same size, and too enlarged or reduced organs of vision are a cause for concern. If the baby’s eyeballs at the age of 1 month are enlarged or bulging, parents need to urgently show the child to a specialist who will identify the problem and fix it in time. Congenital glaucoma can cause this phenomenon. If the parents do not show their child to the doctor in time, the increased intraocular pressure can lead to blindness.
Pupil size and photosensitivity
The second thing that parents should pay attention to is pupils. They, like eyeballs, must be of equal diameter. Also pay attention to the reaction to light. Normally, the pupils of a child should constrict under its action. If parents doubt that the baby's eyes react to this irritant, they should show the baby to a specialist as soon as possible.
Fixing a look at objects located near
If the baby is two months old, then another small test is needed. Vision in newborns is arranged in such a way that after 2 months from the date of birth, they should already be able to fix the gaze on any object that is close enough. Also follow the reaction of your baby to actively moving objects in the third month of his life.
Stages of development of sight of kids. First month from birth
In order to prevent negative changes and identify any pathology in time, you need to know how vision develops in newborns. To do this, each mom should get acquainted with the stages of its development.
The development of vision in newborns is an important process that parents must follow from the very first days after the birth of the baby.In the first month of life, the child is not yet able to use two eyes at the same time. In this regard, his pupils can wander in different directions and sometimes even converge on the nose. After only 1 or 2 months, the baby will learn to focus his gaze on one subject and follow it.
2 months from birth
At the age of two months, the baby will learn to distinguish colors, but it will be easiest for him to perceive black and white combinations. Over time, the child will learn to recognize bright colors, so parents should show him different pictures, photos, in order for the baby to learn to perceive not only black and white and contrasting colors.
4 months from birth
The special attention of adults requires the vision of the newborn. Every parent should know the stages of development in order to control and prevent the appearance of negative changes. At the age of 4 months, the baby begins to understand at what distance a particular subject is from him. After that, he can easily grab the thing that is in front of him. Parents should help their child develop this skill and offer him various toys and rattles.
5 months from birth
At the age of five months, the baby learns to better distinguish and perceive moving objects. The child also succeeds in distinguishing similar shades, which he could not do before. Moreover, the baby learns to recognize objects that are in front of him, even if he sees only a part of them.
8 months from birth
At the age of eight months, the perception of objects and the world around the baby already becomes more and more the same as that of an adult. He can perceive and distinguish from each other objects that are at a great distance from him. However, despite this, the child still likes to consider people and objects that are close to him.
Every mother should pay special attention to the vision of the newborn. The stages of its development will help to understand whether it is developing correctly and what should be paid special attention to in order to avoid undesirable and negative changes.
How to check the vision of a newborn?
In order to make sure that the baby’s vision develops well, it is necessary to drive the baby to a specialist. Parents can also take part in the verification of this important function.To do this, it is necessary to know all the stages of vision development and to ensure that the baby does not have any abnormalities.
When a child is one month old, you need to find out if his pupils react to light. If they are narrowed, then there is no reason for concern, but if the parents did not see the reaction, it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
At the age of two months, the baby should already be able to fix his gaze on objects that are close to him. In this regard, parents must find out whether their child perceives faces. If the mother and father noticed that the child does not react to objects at all, does not focus on them, and looks in the other direction, it is necessary to check the baby’s vision with a specialist.
In all subsequent months, the child should already be able to follow moving objects and recognize faces. You can check this with the help of toys and rattles. If the child’s vision develops normally, then he will keep track of all the objects that are near him, and even be able to catch them.
Parents should help the child develop vision. Mother and father need to play with the baby, show him various pictures and photos, give toys and rattles.Using these simple methods, the child will learn to distinguish objects, perceive bright and contrasting colors, take things of interest.
Ability to hear and see
Hearing and vision of the newborn develop differently. What are the features? The hearing of a newborn child is much better developed than vision. This is due to the fact that even in the womb the baby heard various sounds and was already accustomed to them. Many parents are concerned that their child does not respond to loud noises, and assume that the baby does not hear anything. However, this is not the case. The ear of the newborn is already adapted to different noises and sufficiently trained to distinguish between far and near sounds.
Surprisingly, the kids have one feature - not to perceive the noise that irritates them. Very often the baby can play and not respond to the fact that the mother or father is his name. Do not worry in this situation. Try to call the baby after he has distracted from his occupation. If in this case the child will not react, then it is worth contacting a specialist.
The development of the vision of newborns is one of the most important processes that parents of a baby should pay special attention to.You can not neglect the campaigns to the doctor and independent eye examinations, because the initiative can lead to disastrous consequences and the development of various diseases in the child. Parents should regularly monitor whether the baby has any abnormalities, show him pictures and photos, give toys and rattles in order for his vision to develop normally.