Order of Glory 3 degrees. Battle Awards WWII
On the same day the Order of Victory and the Order of Glory were instituted. The last were awarded to ordinary soldiers, sergeant and foremen, and also junior lieutenants of the air force. In the already existed orders and medals of the USSR, bearing the names of famous Russian generals. Therefore, they wanted to call the Order of Glory in honor of the hero of the war of 1812 - Bagration, who became famous for his courage and heroism among ordinary soldiers.
How was the Order of Glory created?
In August 1943, a group of nine artists submitted to the commission for review 25 different sketches of the future order. The selected four options were shown to Stalin. Joseph Vissarionovich chose the project of the artist N. Moskalev, on which against the background of a five-pointed star the outline of Field Marshal Bagration was depicted.
At the very beginning it was planned that the award would contain four degrees. However, Stalin decided that the order would contain three degrees, like the others. And it should be called the Order of Glory, since there is no victory without courage and glorious feats.
The final version of the award was approved in the same 43rd year in the fall.The Order was created in the form of a five-pointed star with a pattern of the Spasskaya Tower, which is framed by a wreath. The inscription "Glory" was placed on the bottom of the red field.
Order of Glory 3 degrees for what they gave?
In November 1943, the statute of the Order was formally approved, providing for gradual awarding, starting with the 3rd degree. Therefore, the Order of Glory of the 3rd degree of the Great Patriotic War was made of silver, the 2nd degree - of gold with silver inserts, and the 1st degree was completely gold. The award was awarded for the fact that the soldiers:
- they were the first to burst into the enemy positions and with their own exploits ensured the success of the combat operation;
- were in a burning tank, continuing the battle;
- in a dangerous situation they saved the banner of military formations;
- the fighter destroyed from small arms from 10 to 50 enemy soldiers and officers;
- The Order of Glory 3 degrees was awarded to those who, with grenades on the front line or in the rear of the enemy, blew up 1-3 tanks;
- being in intelligence was able to get valuable information about the enemy;
- shot down 2-4 enemy aircraft;
- during a night battle, shot down up to four enemy aircraft;
- was able to undermine the enemy ammunition depot.
And this is not the whole list of feats for which the Order of Glory was awarded.Soldiers, sergeants or junior officers received this award for their brave deeds, helping the Red Army to defeat the invaders.
How was the presentation of the award
Full holders of the Order of Glory had the right to be awarded the following military ranks. For example, an ordinary soldier, a corporal or sergeant could become foremen, those who already had this rank could be a junior lieutenant, and in aviation to become a lieutenant.
The Order of the 3rd degree was awarded by the commanders of such large formations as divisions and corps, the 2nd degree was given to the army or front commander, and the 1st degree was given only by order of the Supreme Soviet.
Like many orders and medals of the USSR, the Order of Glory was awarded right at the front after the end of a successful military operation. The very first documentary evidence of awarding the Order is dated on the 20th day of December 1943. This award was awarded to the sapper of the 140th rifle regiment, sergeant G. A. Israelian.
The first awarded
The first numbers of orders of Glory 3 degrees went to the 2nd Ukrainian Front. Thus, Order No. 1 was given to the commander of an infantry platoon, Senior Sergeant I. Kharin.When defending a defensive position, he blew up three enemy tanks and two self-propelled artillery guns with an anti-tank gun. In the future, there were often episodes when the order with the initial number was given later than the order with the subsequent numbers.
The first awarded the Order of Glory 2nd degree
Initially, soldiers of S. Baranov and A. Vlasov received the 2nd degree award. They were reconnaissance sappers of the 665th Mine Division, which helped to get out of the entourage of the 385th Krichevsky rifle division. They ended the war with full cavaliers of the order.
Awarded the Order of Glory 1st degree
The first to receive this highest award were the sapper of the 338th rifle regiment Corporal M. Pittenin and Art. sergeant of the 110th division K. Shevchenko.
The initial copies of the Order of Glory of the 1st degree came to the Leningrad front.
Most of those who participated in the Second World War received various military awards, but the Order of Glory became one of the mass awards among soldiers of the private, sergeant and officers.
For the entire period from 1943 to 1945, the number of soldiers awarded this award exceeded 45 thousand people, among which more than 2500 fighters received all three degrees.
In the history of the Second World War there are cases when the order was awarded to entire battalions for breaking into enemy positions that led to victory over the enemy in a given direction. Subsequently, such units were called "Battalion of Glory."
Among those awarded the order of all 3 degrees there are four Heroes of the USSR and four representatives of the weaker sex.
Financial assistance of the state to the Order holders
By decision of the Supreme Council, those awarded with this order received monthly donations:
- Order of Glory of 1 degree - 15 rubles per month;
- 2nd degree - 10 rubles;
- 3rd degree - 5 rubles per month.
Also, the holders of the Order of Glory had the right to an increased pension in the event of disability and the possibility of free education in universities.
Historical facts award awards
Sailor P. Dubinda in 1941, when the war began, served in the Navy. In the summer of the 42nd he was seriously wounded and captured. In the spring of 1944, Dubinda fled from the invaders and again joined the army as an ordinary fighter. In August of the 44th, when attacking German positions, he broke into an enemy shelter and neutralized 7 enemy soldiers. For this act, he acquired the Order of Glory 3 degrees.
A couple of weeks in the battle for the Polish village near Warsaw, Dubinda replaced the wounded platoon commander and successfully carried out an attack on enemy positions, for which he earned the Order of Glory of the 2nd degree.
In October 1944, he managed to exterminate four fascist soldiers and capture a German officer. For this, he was awarded the Order of the 1st degree.
The second such hero, who deserved all three degrees of the order and the title of Hero, was the artilleryman A. Aleshin. In the spring of 1943, about ten enemy tanks moved to the gun position held by the battery of the future holder of the order. Three tanks were destroyed, the rest retreated. For this Aleshin acquired the Order of Glory 3 degrees.
In the winter of 1945, A. Aleshin’s artillery crew near Fansburg beat off two German counterattacks, inflicting sensitive damage on the enemy. For this, he was awarded the Order of Glory 2 nd degree.
After a while he had to beat off already three enemy attacks. The Germans retreated, having lost 40 people killed. And for this Aleshin was awarded the Order of Glory 1st degree.
The next famous holder of the order is the pilot I. Drachenko. For the period 1943-1944. he made about 50 combat sorties on his plane, while destroying 3 enemy tanks, 20 cars, 4 anti-aircraft guns and more than a hundred soldiers and officers of the enemy. For this he was awarded the Order of 3 degrees.
On June 26, 1944, the attack pilot I. Drachenko at the Tuzir station near the town of Iasi beat off the German aircraft and destroyed the enemy, for which he was awarded the Order of Glory of the 2nd degree.
The next degree he acquired in the fall of 1944 for combat missions, which he made in September-October 44th. The total number of departures was more than 50.
Another Hero of the USSR, who was awarded the Order of Glory of 3 degrees, was the artilleryman N. Kuznetsov, who received all three degrees for the liberation of the city of Sevastopol. He installed the Victory Banner over the station, repelled tank attacks in the battle for Lithuania, and knocked out 10 German tanks near Konigsberg. However, he received the last award only in 1980, although he was awarded in 1945.
What is the peculiarity of the award described? In the fact that she was given to almost everyone who was worthy of her, from a simple private to a lieutenant. Moreover, in order to receive a higher level of reward, it was necessary to have the previous one, i.e., to award the Order of the 2nd degree, it was necessary to have the Order of Glory of the 3rd degree. Thus, this award was given regardless of rank, but thanks to the courage shown during combat situations.In this, by the way, was the plus of the order. Awarded the Order of Glory 3 degrees, 2nd and 1st, were distinguished by real heroism. If many generals and orders were awarded only to those who held certain positions, then this soldier’s award was awarded to heroes for concrete actions, regardless of the shoulder straps.
Thus, gentlemen of the Order of Glory of 3 degrees are numerous, because real courage, bravery and courage can be found at the front, in a trench, in the heart of a simple soldier, and not in headquarters, among colonels and generals. Although among them were many brave people, but that’s another story.