Paris syndrome - a mental disorder among Japanese tourists

In the news broadcast from television screens in recent years, it has become increasingly talk about the emergence of an amazing state of some tourists who came to the wonderful city of Paris and no less amazing Jerusalem. Tourists who have to enthusiastically stare at the sights, clanking their tongues with admiration and listening to the guides with pleasure, suddenly find themselves in complete disorientation, suffering from mental arousal and plunging into delusional states. What causes this and upsets the psyche of visiting guests, mostly from the country of the Rising Sun? This will be discussed in our article.

Paris syndrome

Atypical tourists

Paris syndrome affects tourists visiting Paris. They feel so disappointed with the look and atmosphere of the French capital that they need the help of psychotherapists and psychiatrists.

Among the symptoms of the Paris syndrome are somatic and mental manifestations. The second can be attributed:

  • anxiety;
  • rave;
  • hallucinations;
  • persecution mania;
  • depersonalization;
  • derealization.

From the side of the somatic, the manifestations are very unpleasant - dizzy, nauseous, dizzy.

For a long time the inhabitants of Paris have become accustomed to and are sympathetic to the endless tourist crowds wandering in the historical part of the city of lovers. People coming from different countries do not pay much attention. But sometimes there is one person among those who are stunned by the informational flow of tourists from Japan (they are especially gentle towards Paris), who is very difficult to suspect of the adequacy characteristic of his countrymen. He looks scared, tries to hide from everyone in any corner, rushes about in search of something, screams and cries out in horror from the one who offers him help. For obvious reasons, such tourists are often found in local psychiatric clinics.the land of the rising sun

How did we learn about Paris syndrome?

For the first time, the description of this mental disorder, which overtakes mainly Japanese tourists, was made in the mid-1980s by the Japanese psychiatrist Hirotaki Ota.Thus, the Paris syndrome has received worldwide fame as a new mental illness. Moreover, in the Japanese embassy in Paris, it was considered necessary to open a psychological assistance service specifically for Japanese residents in the French capital. How to explain the mental disorder among tourists?

Studies have shown that the European capital plunges sensitive and vulnerable Japanese into a real cultural collapse. Quite a significant number of these people (about 20 people per year) acquire as a result the most natural mental disorder, which they called the "Paris syndrome". In fact, this disease has the same symptoms as Stendhal syndrome or Jerusalem syndrome.

tourist disorder

What is the point?

In theory, this disorder can make any tourist, but it is precisely the receptive and gentle Japanese who are not lucky in this regard. Obviously, their psyche is very finely arranged. But the point is that tourists are disappointed by the discrepancy between the present Paris and their idealized ideas about France in general and its capital in particular. Dirty streets, untidy French citizens,which are often rude, do not pull on the glossy picture that we see on TV or imagine after reading the next novel, glorifying the beauty of the city of lovers (although the works of E. Zola in this regard can be assigned to read as prevention of such conditions). All are quiet cozy streets and small cafes, smelling of croissants and coffee, fashionable shopping and gallant men - everyone has their own expectations from visiting the French capital. Thus, the idealistic image of the city, which is idealistic to the unreality of the inhabitants of the Land of the Rising Sun, turns out to be a complete profanation.

Who inhabits France?

In addition, France has long been inhabited not only by Europeans. Currently, there are a lot of people from Asia and Africa who are far from respectful and tolerant attitude towards others. Not everyone is able to survive such a shock, in many respects also because Japanese culture treats personal space very carefully, and interference with personal life is considered unacceptable.
Japanese tourists

Therefore, for tactful and calm Japanese, this is a real blow to the psyche, causing delusions, persecution mania, depersonalization, increased anxiety and other manifestations of mental disorder.The most correct thing in this situation is to deliver the suffering subject to his homeland, saving him from contemplating the heartbreaking French reality. Arriving home, these tourists need the skilled help of psychiatrists and are subject to long-term treatment.

What are the reasons why the Japanese fall ill in Paris? Let's see.

Main problems

Of course, the very first problem in this situation is to overcome the language barrier. Few Japanese tourists know French, and they don’t have the opportunity to ask the local people for help. Accordingly, the number of French speaking Japanese is also negligible. Therefore, the opportunity to agree in this case confidently tends to zero. This position of an alienated, rejected, isolated and misunderstood person aggravates the already difficult mental state.
the Japanese in paris

Difference in mentality

It should also be remembered that the crime rate in Japan is significantly lower than in Europe. And naturally, for Japanese tourists, street theft and disorderly conduct greatly affects their sense of security. The difference in mentality also has a place to be.Oriental people are essentially calmer, more closed and secretive. They do not like to violate their personal space (clap their shoulders, bend too close and gesticulate while talking), whereas the French are temperamental and emotional by nature. How to get rid of the Paris syndrome? We will tell about it below.Paris syndrome in the Japanese


This disease most often affects women 28-30 years. The most striking manifestations of the syndrome are delusional states and hallucinations. This causes them to have a feeling of unreality of what is happening, a loss of connection with the surrounding reality. Also, the condition may be accompanied by attacks of unmotivated aggression or hysterical seizures. Parisian syndrome in Japanese may also manifest itself as autonomic disorders: nausea, vomiting, dizziness, changes in body temperature, sweating, palpitations. In this case, as we have said, doctors give advice to leave Europe and go home. In order that the psychosis does not turn into a chronic form, qualified help is needed. We looked at what Paris syndrome means.

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