Philosophy and worldview: friendly symbiosis?
Pompously speaking, philosophy and ideology go through life in an embrace, supporting each other and defining every moment of our existence. Strictly speaking, this is not surprising: philosophy is responsible for the theoretical part of our presence in the world (more precisely, how we imagine it), while the worldview is in charge of the empirical part, forcing it to perceive the surrounding reality and ourselves through specific lenses - values , rules of conduct, individual views, etc. In this respect, philosophy and worldview are not simply interrelated, they are interdependent and cannot exist one without the other.
Unfriendly symbiosis and formalization
However, this seemingly prosperous union has its own characteristics. Due to the different functional orientation, philosophy and worldview often appear on opposite sides of intellectual barricades.Philosophy, seeking to generalize heterogeneous observations, tries to build a picture of the world suitable for exploitation by a certain group of people over a relatively short period of time in a relatively small space, territory. Hence the views, approaches of individuals and social groups are often perceived as a private philosophy. Especially if we are talking about practical use, for example, in education, science, politics. At the same time, the aforementioned “views” are, in principle, the sphere of activity of a world view with its emphasis on sensual perception of the world. To a greater extent, this perception is singular, but when we talk about the worldview of, for example, the elite, office plankton or another social group, it turns out that the already generalizing theoretical approach is involved, which is not always formalized as philosophy. And the latter is just a private, institutional, form of manifestation of a particular worldview.
Subject of philosophy
How then to determine the subject of philosophy? Philosophy and worldview, of course, complement each other, the latter being in a dominant position in relation to the first.In addition, philosophy always claims to be an elite character, the lot of the few, while the world view is voluntarily or unwittingly inherent in each of us. And if this is so, then value orientations can be considered the subject of philosophy, which make it possible to keep this somewhat unequal alliance. Philosophy and worldview, therefore, are interconnected by ethical threads of value attitudes.
Types of worldviews
If we are trying to understand how philosophy and worldview correlate, it is necessary to take into account not only the space-time factor, which was discussed above, but also the existential factor - a person's ability to self-determination in the world. Spatio-temporal characteristics determine the complex, historical perception of both philosophy and worldview, their evolution relative to the socio-historical dynamics of the intellectual situation. At the same time, the existential factor determines the qualitative definition of one’s own “I”, a single being. But, in fact, on how much a person feels autonomous in relation to others, depends on his ability to live in harmony with the surrounding reality.And without a personal philosophy this cannot be done.