Room ferns: basic plant care
One of the most ancient plants on Earth are ferns. Indoor plants of this species appeared several centuries ago, but it was not until the 19th century that their popularity reached its apogee. Then they grew up in the homes of noble families and decorated the avenues and winter gardens. Since these plants are not whimsical in the care, then they are not difficult to grow. But due to technical progress, there was more gas and dust, and many species of these plants were no longer planted in pots on the windowsills, because for them the dirty air of the cities turned out to be disastrous. As the indoor plants survived only the most resistant. At present, the fashion for ferns is back, and these beautiful and legendary plants are reappearing in many homes.
Types of room ferns
Many breeders have dedicated their lives to the emergence of new ferns adapted to the conditions of the city. Indoor cultivated plants are divided into several species,The most popular of them are Nephrolepis, Davallia, Kostenets, Platicerium, Polypodium, Pteris, Pelleya, Cytromium, Adiantum, Asplenium. These species are less capricious in the care, but still, like any other plants, require appropriate care. Room ferns are the best option for landscaping rooms, especially where you need to carefully monitor the cleanliness of the air. Southern species differ from northern ones in lush vegetation. Therefore, today they are at the peak of popularity.
Temperature and light conditions
Like all ferns, indoor species are very fond of coolness, but paradoxically they do not tolerate cold. The optimum temperature for them varies from 15 to 20 degrees, but this mode is also desirable for other bushy plants with carved leaves. Contrary to popular belief among plant lovers, ferns grow only in the shade, many species come from hot southern countries, so they like bright, true, diffused light very much. Therefore, it is best to expose them to the east or west side so that they have enough light, but at the same time the plant was inaccessible to the hot rays of the midday sun.In the dark room lighting in the winter, it is desirable to include artificial lighting for several hours.
Watering and transplanting
The plant fern is very moisture-loving. In the summer, it is watered 1-2 times a day, in the morning or in the evening. It is necessary to ensure that water does not accumulate in the pan, and the roots do not rot. In winter, watering is reduced to 2 times a week. Like many southern indoor plants, the fern must be regularly (at least once a week) sprayed. Some experts in the cultivation of these exotic plants recommend that they arrange a real shower with warm water. The room fern grows very quickly with proper watering, so in springtime it is necessary to replant or thin out the bush. If this is not done, the roots become cramped, and they cannot fully develop, and this immediately affects the beauty of the leaves.