Scientific work by the rules: requirements for the abstract
The abstract is the simplest form of scientific work. Even younger students are able to write this work. This version of scientific work is also often offered as an additional task for students. What are the requirements for the abstract, find out below.
To help the student
Even with respect to this type of scientific work, like an essay, there is a GOST. It describes in detail all the requirements for the abstract. GOST reveals both technical aspects and also helps to determine the content of the work. An abstract written according to these requirements must be accepted in your school. However, some universities produce their own manuals, which contain the basic requirements for writing papers. Be sure to ask your manager for such a directory.
The abstract is convenient to type in a text editor Word. Use standard formatting fields.Requirements for writing an essay: Times New Roman font, size - 12, line spacing - one and a half. The page should be about one and a half thousand characters. Some schools offer to use the 14th font size, but most often these rules apply to term papers and dissertations. Essay pages must contain serial numbers placed in the upper right corner.
The scope and content of the work
Do not turn the abstract into a thesis; you only need to restrict yourself to twenty pages in order to fully cover the topic. This type of work does not provide in-depth studies of the theoretical base and complex analysis. However, like any scientific work, the abstract must be structured correctly. Requirements for the abstract in this aspect are similar to the rules for writing all the works. Any of your scientific work should consist of three independent parts: the introduction, the main unit and conclusion. Each section is reasonable to print on a new sheet. Also required components of the abstract are the title page and a list of references.
Prologue of the abstract
Your work should begin with a review of the topic, as well as setting goals and objectives. The goal gives an understanding of what you want to get as a result of writing the work.And tasks detail the goal and determine how to achieve it. It is also appropriate to indicate research methods in the introductory block, especially if they are unique.
Requirements for the abstract are such that the main part must be divided into separate paragraphs. At the beginning of a theoretical topic is usually placed in the topic. And the following parts contain your research. Teachers often suggest using a complex plan to write an essay with paragraphs and sub-paragraphs to detail all the information.
At the end of your work, specify the findings and results of research. You can use subtotals for all sections and subsections. However, you should not post information that was not in the main block of the abstract. If your achievements are of an applied nature, be sure to indicate the area of their use.
Requirements for the abstract provide the standard structure of the title page. At the very top in the center is the name of the institution. Below on the right side you can indicate the department, if you are a student. In the very center of the page, the name of the type of work (abstract) and the subject are written in large letters.On the right side at the bottom of the sheet, indicate your class (for schoolchildren), the course, group and faculty (for students), as well as the name and surname. In some educational institutions it is also required to record the data of the supervisor. The last line, located in the center, should be the name of the settlement and the year of writing.
List of used sources
When writing an essay, usually no more than ten sources are used. It can be textbooks, monographs, scientific articles, reference books, and even Internet resources. When specifying each of them, use the rules specified in the special GOST. Some teachers are asked to make references in the text to the literature. Be sure to consult your supervisor regarding this issue.