The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor".

On June 20, 1957, by the decision of the USSR Council of Ministers in Izhevsk, a new unique enterprise for the production of radio control equipment was founded, today it is Izhevsk Electromechanical Plant Kupol (IEMZ Kupol). Since their founding, they have mastered more than 40 types of military products, from the units for the first troop anti-aircraft missile complex Krug to the newest Tor-M2DT air defense system. Yes, including thanks to their work, we can now see a peaceful sky above our head. I recently managed to get to this factory, but I still wanted to start with their museum.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”,was, goals, "TorM1", weapons, guided, more

At the entrance of the plant, the Osa short-range air defense missile system was installed (the GRAU index was 9K33, according to the classification of the US and NATO MO: SA-8 Gecko (Gecko)). The “Osa” air defense missile system is an all-weather, autonomous self-propelled air defense system, which was designed to combat manned and unmanned means of air attack in conditions of active electronic countermeasures. In short, they covered our troops from low-flying targets.Their development (at the stage of elaboration of requirements, the project was called “Ellipsoid”) began on October 27, 1960. At the same time, a similar complex of the Osa-M SAM system was developed to protect the ships of the Navy. The “Osa” air defense system was adopted on October 4, 1971. For the first time, these cars were shown to the general public at a military parade on Red Square in Moscow in November 1975. Their mass production was deployed in 2 enterprises. The combat vehicle itself was produced at the Izhevsk Electromechanical Plant, and anti-aircraft guided missiles were made at the Kirov Machine-Building Plant. In total, since the start of mass production, about 1.2 thousand units of this equipment have been produced. By the way, the OSA "Osa" and its modifications are still in service with a number of countries.
2.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

Besides the fact that this complex can move under its own power, it is ready to fly IL-76 cargo planes or move by rail. A powerful engine is able to provide the air defense system with a maximum speed of 80 km / h on the highway. At the same time on dirt roads going at speeds up to 55 km / h. If necessary, the OSA “Osa” can even swim at a speed of up to 10 km / h.In this case, the engine provides the performance of a special water cannon. Their chassis can tow trailers weighing up to 7,200 kg. The complex itself was equipped with four 9M33 anti-aircraft missiles, the Osa-AK modification has 6 9M33M2 missiles, and the Osa-AKM modification - 6 9M33M3 missiles. Such machines are capable of detecting and identifying air targets in motion. With a short stop, they are capable of firing two missiles at a single target. Deployment and coagulation time of the combat vehicle is not more than 5 minutes. Development of a similar anti-aircraft complex engaged in other countries. The first were the British. They managed to create ground-based air defense systems "Tiger Cat" and "Rapier", but in terms of their tactical and technical characteristics (TTH) they were significantly inferior to our "Osa".
3. Model BM ZRK "Osa-AKM" in the museum.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

4. Memorial "Honor and Glory to the participants of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945"
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

Work on the creation of a divisional autonomous self-propelled air defense system "Thor" began at NIEMI in accordance with the Resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers dated February 4, 1975. The first 9K330 air defense system "Thor" appeared only in 1983, but even after a series of tests, it had to be refined. The complex was finally adopted on March 19, 1986.The serial production of "Thors" was again arranged at the Izhevsk Electromechanical Plant, but some units were supplied from other enterprises. Thus, the Minsk Tractor Plant (MTZ) supplied tracked chassis or platform, the Kirov Machine-Building Plant was engaged in the production of guided missiles, several other enterprises were responsible for other smaller units.
5. Another serious machine that is installed, but already on the territory of the plant, is the Tor-M1 air defense missile system (GRAU index - 9К331, according to the classification of the United States and NATO - SA-15 Gauntlet ("Gauntlet")).
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

The base for accommodating all units of the 9K330 Tor system is the 9A330 combat vehicle, which was produced on the chassis of the GM-355, manufactured by the Minsk Tractor Plant. The chassis housed special equipment, as well as a rotary launcher, which, in addition to the launcher for guided missiles, housed special antennas and locators. The weight of the 9A330 combat vehicle was 32 tons. Thanks to the powerful 840-horsepower diesel engine, the combat vehicle could maintain a high rate of movement and keep up with tanks and infantry fighting vehicles. The power reserve of the "Torah" reached 500 km, and the maximum speed on the highway is 65 kilometers.
The response of the mobile complex to the target was 8.7 seconds, if the system was stationary, and 10.7 - while escorting troops. The transition of the mobile complex from the traveling position to the combat state took place in 3 minutes. To load the complex with new missiles instead of spent ones, it was necessary to spend about 18 minutes, and the loading of the guided missiles took place with the help of a special charging machine - 9Т231. The missiles with which the Thor was equipped were called 9M330. These missiles, having a weight of 165 kg and a length of 2.9 m, carried a high-explosive fragmentation charge weighing 14.8 kg. The defeat of the target was carried out by numerous fragments of the warhead. The probability of hitting airplanes with one rocket reached 0.3-0.77 (where a unit is 100 percent), for helicopters this parameter was 0.5-0.88, for remotely piloted aircraft - 0.85-0.955.
Immediately after the adoption of the 9K330 Tor complex, the development of its upgraded version under the designation 9К331 Tor-M1 began. This complex was adopted in 1991. He reacted faster to the target (only 1-2 seconds) and the possibility appeared to fire two targets at once.
6.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

7The model of the combat unit of the ZOR "Tor-M1T" towed version
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor".plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

The museum was opened in 2007, the reason was more serious nowhere, the plant turned 50 years old. Today, an area of ​​470 square meters. more than 100 themed stands, about 500 various exhibits, a lot of albums, photos, awards, products. All this fully immerses the history and real life of the plant. Especially impressive are the models of military equipment, which the plant produced and is doing now. They not only copy the originals, albeit on a smaller scale, they can drive and even shoot. Very cool!
8.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

9.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

Zen 9M330 anti-aircraft missile. Its launch weight was 165 kg (including the warhead -14.8 kg), the length of the rocket - 2898 mm, body diameter -235 mm, wingspan - 650 mm. The rocket uses a solid rocket motor. The 9M330 missile defense system is made according to the “duck” design scheme. The missiles were in the starting device of a combat vehicle without transport containers and were launched vertically with the help of powder catapults. The range of destruction of the target missile 12 km. The rocket readiness time for launch was 5 seconds. Maximum rocket speed - 850 m / s
10.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

Zen 9M33 anti-aircraft guided missile for the Osa anti-aircraft complex.The mass of the rocket was 128 kg, including 15 kg - the warhead, the average speed of the Zur was equal to 500 m / s. The rocket length was 3158 mm, diameter - 206 mm, wingspan - 650 mm. The target hit distance is 10 km.
11.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

Since 2012, instead of 9K331 Tor-M1, our army begins to buy Tor-M2U anti-aircraft missile systems and further Tor-M2E. Their target detection system already uses the latest optoelectronic system. Powerful modern processors of the complex are able to simultaneously track 48 targets, distributing them according to the degree of danger. At the same time, the complex can attack up to 4 targets, using up to 8 missiles.
The Tor-M2K (9K332MK) is an anti-aircraft missile system with a combat vehicle on a wheeled chassis. The chassis was developed by the Belarusian enterprise Minsk Wheel Tractor Plant. The structure of the combat equipment of the complex includes: 9A331MK combat vehicle, 9M334 anti-aircraft missile module with eight 9M9331 anti-aircraft missile guided in four channels.
12. Model BM ZRK Tor-M2K.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor".plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

13. Model Artillery radar complex reconnaissance and maintenance of ground artillery firing, ARK-1M "Rys".
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

14. Model of the autonomous combat module of the Tor-M2KM air defense missile system and the Combat vehicle of the Tor-M1 anti-aircraft missile system.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

The Tor-M2DT (9K331MDT) is an arctic version of an anti-aircraft missile system with a combat vehicle based on the DT-30 two-link tracked carrier. It was first presented to the general public at the military parade of Victory on Red Square on May 9, 2017.
15. The model of the combat unit of the Tor-M2DT air defense missile system
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

16. In the history of the plant were different times. For example, in the difficult 90s, even toys had to be produced. The plant remembers its history well and is not shy at all. Separate stands are devoted to this topic.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

"You want to live, learn to spin! And the company starts producing consumer goods in a wide range: their lamps, electronic toys, children's table tennis, Spark piezo lighters, heating heating systems for garden houses, cottages, greenhouses, etc. d.
17.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor".plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

In addition to products for strategic purposes, the plant is actively working now in the direction of civilian products. Today Kupol is one of the most diversified enterprises in Udmurtia. They plunged into the niche of heat and air conditioning, air conditioning and ventilation systems, equipment for the food and petroleum industry, plastic products for cosmetics and medicine, production of nanocomposites and infusion solutions, etc.
18.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

nineteen.Here, for example, the carousel filling machine of the Izhevsk plant “Kupol”, which successfully works at the Sarapulsky Distillery, which I also visited: https://zavodfoto.livejournal.com/6147645.html
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

20.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

21.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

22.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor".plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

23. Many thanks to the entire press service of JSC Izhevsk Electromechanical Plant Kupol for an excellent tour of the enterprise and the museum! And next time I will show the plant itself.
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

My whole story is flagged"Made in Udmurtia":
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor".plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor".plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

From my trip to the Republic of Udmurtia:
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor".plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more

# Made Udmurtiya # IEMZKupol # Izhevsk Electromechanical PlantKupol # ConcernVKOAlmazAntey
R. S. Dear owners and shareholders, representatives of the press services of companies, marketing departments and other interested parties, if your company has something to show, “How this is done and why this is so!”, We are always happy to participate. Feel free to email usand tell us about yourself by inviting us to visit you. Take an example from the leaders!
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The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor".plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
The plant, where they make anti-aircraft missile systems "Thor". plant, complex, combat, missiles, machine, complex, “Osa”, combat, factory, machinery, missiles, “Thor”, chassis, “Kupol”, constituted, targets, “TorM1”, weapons, guided, more
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