Ultrasound of the brain of the newborn: the norm. Ultrasound of the brain of the newborn: decoding
consists of many neurons. Together, they control the work of the whole organism. Thus, the brain controls the nervous system and coordinates the work of each organ. In the first year of his life, the child grows and develops very rapidly. Therefore, it is very important to monitor the state of the infant's brain in order to diagnose possible disorders in time. For this purpose, an ultrasound of the brain of the newborn is used.
What is a brain ultrasound
An examination of the head with an ultrasound machine is called neurosonography. This is a relatively young way of research and very popular in modern medicine. With the help of ultrasound, it is possible to examine not only certain parts of the brain, but also the structure of the skull.
Head ultrasound is often performed on infants until the spring is overgrown.This is the only method for studying the structure of the brain, which is used to examine babies. It is affordable and completely harmless. To date, no effects from the use of neurosonography have been established.
Indications for study
The need for such a survey can pursue different goals. Ultrasound of the brain of the newborn allows to identify the postpartum effects, detect tumors, cysts, inflammatory processes, hemorrhages, hydrocephalus, various pathologies of the nervous system. Thanks to neurosonography, it is possible to identify serious pathologies in time and prevent their further development. Through the soft tissue of a large fontanelle, one can easily see all diseases in the early stages of development.
Head ultrasound is usually prescribed by a neurologist to any child under the age of one year. Some maternity hospitals necessarily conduct neurosonography at discharge of each newborn, although this procedure is not mandatory according to legal regulations.
The main indications for the use of ultrasound of the brain in newborns are birth injuries, prematurity,external manifestations of neurological diseases, intrauterine infection, intrauterine oxygen starvation of the fetus, a large mass of the newborn or malnutrition. Also, neurosonography is shown to infants with an unusual structure and shape of the face, with defects of other organs.
How is the study conducted?
The use of ultrasound of the brain of the newborn does not require any special training. The only and important condition is the calm behavior of the baby. Therefore, babies are examined mainly during sleep or immediately after eating. In total, the study takes no more than 15 minutes.
To examine the head, the doctor applies an ultrasound probe to the anterior fontanelle and to the temporal areas. In rare cases, use the occipital areas. Get reliable measurements - the main purpose of using ultrasound of the brain of the newborn. The rate of these indicators serves as a benchmark for comparing and identifying any deviations. A total of twelve standard indicators are used. Then the obtained data is verified with normal values, and the diagnosis is detected. According to the results of the examination in case of detection of pathologies, the neurologist prescribes treatment.
The main parameters of neurosonography
During ultrasound, a specialist evaluates the state of the large blood vessels of the brain, the change in their walls, possible damage, and their plexus. The doctor also examines the cranial cavity for the presence of tumors: tumors and cysts. A mandatory study of the structure of the tissue.
The main parameters for measurement are the size and area of the cerebral ventricles. Excess values are indicative of violations.
Major neurological pathologies in infants
To determine the parameters of the brain in just a few minutes using ultrasound of the brain of the newborn. Deciphering the results obtained will confirm or refute suspicions of possible deviations.
The expansion of the main contours indicates hydrocephalus, rickets or other serious diseases. An ultrasound specialist assesses the state of the vessels and their plexus. In this case, you can identify places with expanded walls, which indicates the presence of aneurysms. For thickening and deformation of tissues, meningitis, an infectious disease that affects the lining of the brain, can be diagnosed.The occurrence of arachnoid cysts provokes the development of epilepsy. Neurosonography also makes it easy to determine intraventricular hemorrhages and the presence of tumors.
Among neurological pathologies using ultrasound of the brain of the newborn cyst is most common. This diagnosis in parents causes more fright. A cyst is a formation that occurs due to circulatory disorders or hemorrhages in the brain, as a result of injury or inflammation. Cysts are quite common and require medical supervision. Small cysts may disappear over time. In case of an increase in a cyst, it is possible to indicate the continuation of the influence of the factor that provoked its formation. This is very dangerous because the brain tissue is disturbed, and there is a high risk of developing defects of the central nervous system.
Benefits of Ultrasound Diagnosis
Ultrasound of the brain of the newborn has many important advantages. It does not cause pain, because it eliminates the use of injections and needles. In addition, the use of ultrasound is a relatively inexpensive method of research compared to other methods.
The most significant advantage of ultrasound of the brain of a newborn is decoding the results as soon as possible. It gives complete information about soft tissues, which is almost impossible to do with any other research.