Vasodilator drugs for osteochondrosis of the neck: list, description, instructions and reviews
With cervical osteochondrosis, the nerve roots are pinched, the vessels of the spine are squeezed, the cartilage tissue is destroyed and blood circulation is disturbed, which slows down the body's metabolic processes. To expand the blood vessels and reduce the negative effects should be used vasodilators in osteochondrosis of the neck.
Symptoms of the disease
This pathology has different symptoms, which are divided into radicular and reflex. The last signs include strong pain in the neck, aggravated by any movements, as well as shooting. A person suffering from osteochondrosis, when turning the head appears crunch. To alleviate the condition, the patient tries not to twist his neck and keeps it in a comfortable position.
In addition, with this disease, people often complain of frequent headaches that are oppressive in nature and are able to give to the occipital or temporal region. In some cases, the patient's eyesight deteriorates, as a veil appears before the eyes. To avoid such complications, it is necessary to take vasodilators for osteochondrosis of the neck.
Radicular symptoms appear as a result of squeezing the spinal root in the human body. A person may be disturbed by discomfort in the parietal or occipital part of the head, disturbances in the airways and so on.
The main reasons for the development of cervical osteochondrosis
This disease has no exact cause, since various factors can trigger it. Most often, a lesion of the intervertebral discs in the neck is observed in patients who move too little. More can lead to the emergence of this pathology injury, uncomfortable position of the body and uncomfortable sleeper. People who abuse alcohol or are overweight are also susceptible to osteochondrosis.And sometimes the cause of the disease becomes a hereditary factor.
The principle of action of vasodilator drugs
Vascular diseases always affect well-being and lead to negative consequences. With insufficient blood circulation, brain cells begin to die off, and in advanced cases, this condition can lead to ischemic stroke.
Vasodilator drugs in osteochondrosis of the neck are divided into myotropic, which affect the muscles of the vascular walls, and neurotropic. The latter means influencing through nerve impulses. These drugs act as follows:
- normalize the functions impaired by the lack of oxygen;
- widened constricted vessels;
- relieve spasm of the walls of the tubular formations;
- improve blood flow by thinning the blood.
The effectiveness of drug therapy
First of all, in case of cervical osteochondrosis, physicians eliminate unpleasant symptoms in order to focus on the treatment of the underlying disease. After all, it is difficult to get rid of this pathology, since in the cervical spine there are blood vessels and nerve roots that supply the brain with blood.
The neck muscles most of the time are in tension, which leads to long and vivid manifestations of the disease. During medication, special medications are prescribed. Vasodilator drugs for osteochondrosis of the neck help to relieve a person from pain, start tissue repair and improve blood supply. These drugs drink when symptoms of the disease appear, for example, when blood pressure rises or dizziness occurs.
The effectiveness of treatment of osteochondrosis with drugs depends mainly on how the disease manifests itself. In other words, with a huge variety of drugs used, it is difficult to find a common treatment regimen. When prescribing drugs, the doctor is guided by the duration of the pathology, the individual characteristics of the body and the presence of complications.
Drug treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine involves the use of:
Vasodilators vasodilators: varieties
This disease is treated comprehensively. During therapy, various drugs are used to improve blood flow in the affected area.These medications alleviate the human condition, relieve headaches resulting from inadequate brain activity and circulatory disorders. Quite often in the treatment using vasodilators with osteochondrosis of the neck. A list of these medications is provided below.
"Euphyllinum", which active ingredient is aminophylline. Such a drug is used to relieve spasm of the smooth muscle muscles and improve peripheral and cerebral blood flow. It also reduces the concentration of carbon dioxide in the blood, normalizes breathing and stimulates the muscle tissue of the heart. Apply remedy to eliminate neurological disorders orally and by injection. Moreover, it is often used for electrophoresis.
Unfortunately, today many people have an unpleasant diagnosis - cervical osteochondrosis. Treatment with preparations for the expansion of blood vessels helps to improve the condition of the patient. One of such remedies is Pentoxifylline, which has a positive effect on microcirculation processes in the central nervous system. It also has anticoagulant properties and restores the elasticity of red blood cell cells.
However, Pentoxifylline should not be used for retinal hemorrhage and reduced blood clotting rates. In addition, during the therapeutic treatment of this drug, side effects such as neurosis, allergies, vomiting, nausea, skin rashes and impaired coordination of movement may occur.
Also, doctors recommend the following types of vasodilators for cervical osteochondrosis: nicotinic or lipoic (thioctic) acid. In the first case, the drug acts on small vessels, expanding them and normalizing blood circulation. On top of that, nicotinic acid can have an anticoagulant effect and lower cholesterol levels. Introduce it to patients intravenously and intramuscularly.
After using this drug, you may experience a little discomfort: dizziness, redness of the upper body and face, an impaired sensitivity of the arms and legs. However, such reactions of the body, as a rule, quickly disappear.
Thioctic acid is a vitamin-containing agent. It is often prescribed to be taken with nicotinic acid, because this drug:
- It has antioxidant properties.
- Reduces blood glucose.
- Regulates cholesterol, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism.
- It has a hepatoprotective effect, so this tool can be used for problems with the liver, diabetes, and also used in conjunction with medicines that have side effects.
Vasodilator drugs for osteochondrosis of the neck: a list of nootropic drugs
Nootropics have a beneficial effect on brain function, have a large spectrum of action and even improve memory. To eliminate the unpleasant symptoms, take these vasodilators for osteochondrosis of the neck. The list of drugs is huge, consider the most popular of them.
This drug normalizes the processes of microcirculation, thins the blood, provides enhanced nutrition of the tissues with oxygen, and also relaxes the smooth muscles of the brain. Such a drug in tablet form is contraindicated for people with ischemia, diabetes, arrhythmia, and other heart diseases.
Nootropic agent - "Piracetam"
Such an active substance is found in the medicines "Lutset" and "Nootropil". In addition to improving the concentration and memory of the drug can increase microcirculation.It affects the blood flow in ischemic brain structures.
Medicines with this active ingredient are available as injectable liquid, capsules and tablet plates. The method of administration of the drug and the dosage is determined by the attending doctor, who has previously familiarized himself with the history of the human disease. Side effects of this remedy include nausea, dizziness, lowering or increasing blood pressure.
This medication refers to blockers of ionic calcium channels. It helps to improve the resistance of brain tissue to hypoxia and relieves vasospasm. In addition, the rheological properties of blood change, because the drug reduces the tendency of platelets to merge or stick. In case of cervical osteochondrosis, this medicine is prescribed to be taken 1 tablet in the morning, at lunch and in the evening after meals. To achieve a stable result, you need to take it for a long time - from 2 weeks to 3 months.
Elimination of cervical osteochondrosis with ointments
Such drugs are used most often during the weakening of the disease. They are used only externally, so they have few contraindications.Act ointment very gently, without causing discomfort.
Abiflor ointment is very popular with osteochondrosis of the neck. The composition of this vasodilator drug is perfume oil, lipoderm, water extract of Siberian fir, a complex of active substances and tocopherol. This tool helps to strengthen and expand the walls of blood vessels, restores their permeability and increases elasticity, besides relieves pain.
A good vasodilating effect and warming effect have such ointments as:
- Gavkamen and others.
Remember that it is necessary to consult a specialist before taking vasodilators for osteochondrosis of the neck. Reviews of the listed drugs leave the most different. Thanks to them, it will turn out to choose the best remedy that will help get rid of the unpleasant symptoms of the disease.
Cervical osteochondrosis can be avoided if you regularly perform special exercises and adhere to a healthy diet. Only adequate physical activity will help to activate the brain, increasing blood flow to it.