We understand the disease of hyperthyroidism: symptoms, treatment, prognosis

Hand tremor, trembling in the body, unstableemotional state, rapid decrease in muscle and fat mass, heart palpitations ... All these symptoms seem to be a disease of the nervous system. However, it is not. Similar symptoms are "classical representatives" of hyperthyroidism. This is a fairly common disease that occurs in adults and children. And maybe you do not know what is hyperthyroidism? Symptoms, treatment of this disease and answers to questions related to this, you will find in this article.

Clinical picture

If this disease occurs, then, of course,the person will ask himself: "What is hyperthyroidism, the symptoms, the treatment of this disease?" In this article, we will try to "break down" the nuances of this pathology.

The work of the thyroid gland in the human bodyaffects the functioning of almost all vital organs. It is closely related to the immune and nervous systems, together with which the coordination of the organism takes place. The importance of the thyroid gland is that its hormones are necessary for every cell, it is impossible to exist without them.

Triiodothyronine and thyroxine (T3 and T4) are the main"Bricks" of the endocrine system. With an overabundance of these hormones, hyperthyroidism develops. It means hyperfunction of the thyroid gland. When she works in the "strengthened regime", her body releases more hormones, and her structure grows.

There is such a thing as subclinical hyperthyroidism. This is a situation where the clinical manifestations of the disease are either absent or almost invisible, but the hormonal background is already broken.

With confirmed hyperthyroidism, a person inshort time is losing weight, his nervous system seems to be around the shattered (he is quick-tempered, angry, sharp in the movements). Then there is absent-mindedness. The patient complains that "everything falls from his hands", he is inaccurate with the objects he uses. This is associated with hand tremor, which is the first signal in hyperthyroidism. If the disease is not treated for a long time (quite often unintelligent doctors confuse it with diseases of the nervous system), eye rash occurs. There is also intense sweating, a constant feeling of heat. These symptoms are accompanied by a strong palpitation, which in the average severity of hyperthyroidism is equal to 134 beats per minute. No sedative is able to remove these symptoms. Hyperthyroidism in children is manifested in the same way as in adults.

Treatment

Now we know what hyperthyroidism is. Symptoms, treatment of the disease depend on many variable factors. Throughout the entire disease it is necessary to regularly perform a blood test for the content of hormones T3 and T4. Depending on the results, the doses of the drugs change.

As a rule, the treatment is divided into three areas:

  • General support of the body (glucose injections, vitamin cocktails). In this way the doctor tries to restore the weight of the patient back to normal.
  • Strengthening of the heart muscle and blockingincreased heart rate. This is achieved with drugs containing a complex of B vitamins. To reduce heart rate, usually, anaprilin, or similar drugs are used.
  • Stabilization of the nervous system. Assign various sedatives ("Afobazol", "Adaptol").
  • And, finally, the effect on the thyroid gland itself. Antihormonal medications are prescribed that block the constant release of thyroid hormones (eg, tyrosol).

Forecast

Now, when it is already known what ishyperthyroidism, symptoms, treatment of the disease, I want to know how great is the probability of curing for ailment. Unfortunately, there can not be any guarantees here. Neither the drug treatment method, nor surgical intervention can put the final point: "yes" or "no". Therefore, you need to do everything possible to recover, and then do everything to ensure that the disease does not return back. In most cases, hyperthyroidism in one group of people then disappears, then resumes by periods, while in another group it is stably preserved. In rare cases, this disease disappears forever.

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