What distinguishes a country from a state: definitions and examples
Most people tend to colloquially identify the concepts of "country" and "state" without even thinking about whether these terms are one and the same. Of course, they have something in common, but they differ very significantly. Further in the article we will look at how the country differs from the state and their main features.
The term “country” refers to a geographical region that has strictly defined boundaries, enjoys state sovereignty or is under the jurisdiction of another state, being its colony.On its territory lives a collection of people, called society.
How the state differs from the country, we analyze further.
The definition of this term includes a special organization of people who are united by common sociocultural interests. It occupies a certain territory, has its own management system and has internal and external sovereignty.The term "state" is used, as a rule, in a social and political or legal context. Now on the planet there are about two hundred such formations.
Distinctive features of the state
To describe in simple terms, how the state differs from the country, it is enough to note that it is a separate management structure and differs from the latter in the following features:
- has a well-organized mechanism aimed at the exercise of legal authority;
- possesses a structured system of laws and regulations;
- territorial division may have a confederative, federal or unitary form;
- it has various systems of government;
- The following forms of government are distinguished: authoritarian (autocracy, monarchy), dictatorial totalitarian, democratic free forms (democracy).
Forms of government
In order to understand how a country differs from a state, it is important to remember that in different formations there are differences in the organization of the same methods of government.
For example,Tsarist power in pre-revolutionary Russia was completely different from the rule of the Bolsheviks, established after the famous events of the seventeenth year of the twentieth century.
Great Britain is known for managing in our days, it is in the hands of the monarch - the queen, and in the United States of America the reins are divided between two branches - the parliament and the president.
In order to understand how the country differs from the state, it should be noted that both formations have the police and officials, economy and symbols. The main discrepancy is that in the first case, all this does not belong to the people and does not serve to satisfy their aspirations and hopes.
There are certain differences in the permissible powers - in some states the head only represents them, and decision-making is entrusted to elected bodies. In Russia, for example, most of the management functions are in the hands of the president. And in Germany, in a similar position, a person is engaged in receiving guests and representing them at public events, and the Chancellor makes the main decisions.
In order to understand the difference between a country and a state, it is necessary to understand the issues of independence.
Sovereignty is a political and legal property, determined by the will of the people.
Signs that correspond to this concept:
- supremacy - there is no other authority described above that would limit and subordinate it to itself;
- external equality and independence - the state has the right to determine and conduct its foreign policy steps on its own, guided strictly by the principles of cooperation on an equal footing with the international community;
- unity - marks the existence of an integrated system of bodies representing power, pursuing its policy;
- indivisibility means that the state is united and cannot be divided into parts either politically or militarily;
- inalienability - sovereignty cannot be waived, or it cannot be transferred to other legal entities.
In contrast to the state, the country has political boundaries, but is devoid of sovereignty. In other words, it cannot make independent decisions and is subordinated to another power.
How does a country differ from a state: examples
The country is a geographically separate formation with its historical and cultural roots, the peoples living in it, their traditions and mentality. Having no sovereignty, it is part of another, stronger state and is its colony or territory under its control.
Examples of such symbiosis can serve:
- The British Empire - the metropolis (the largest state), ruled over fifty colonies;
- The Austro-Hungarian Empire united more than a dozen countries.
It also takes place the fact that within the same country in different periods of time can be installed different government devices.
An example of this is Russia, on whose territory until the seventeenth year of the twentieth century there was royal rule — monarchy, and after the overthrow of the order — popular.