Where is the Caucasus?
On the map
Any person who rested in the best and mostaccessible mountains, can easily tell where the Caucasus is. And those who have studied well at school and have not forgotten geography yet, will cope with this issue.
The borders of the Caucasus
First of all, we recall that the Caucasus ispart of a mountainous country lying south of the East European Plain, on the border between Asia and Europe. The western border of the Caucasus runs along the Black Sea coast, the eastern border along the Caspian coast. From the north, the Caucasus is delineated by the Kumo-Manych depression, the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Strait, and in the south its border coincides with the former state border of the Soviet Union.
The Caucasian states
Partially or completely in the territory of the Caucasusthere are nine states: Russia, Ossetia, Abkhazia, Circassia, Ingushetia and Chechnya are located in Europe, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia - in Asia. Whether to consider the eastern regions of Turkey as belonging to the Caucasus is a controversial issue, but the grounds for such an opinion are quite weighty.
The geological structure of the Caucasus is divided into four zones:
- The Ciscaucasian plain: a wide strip from the Caspian to Azov.
- The mountain system, which includes the Great Caucasus Range and the entire North Caucasus.
- Transcaucasia, consisting of two lowlands - the Colchis and the Kura-Araki. This part of the territory is designated by the geographers as the Transcaucasian depression. It is the lowest in the system.
- The Transcaucasian Highlands - in contrast to the depression, the high-altitude part of the territory. Includes the mountains of the so-called Lesser Caucasus and the northeast of the Armenian highlands - the South Caucasus.
Accurate data, where the Caucasus or any other geographic object is located, can be found in the materials of the Location section.