Who is Karl: Karl Marx, Karl the Great, Karl Jung
Who is Carl? In total, some 30-40 years, any of our citizens would answer this question: a great theorist, philosopher, historian. It was Karl Marx, together with another historian, F. Engels, who created the theoretical basis for socialism, on which the internationalists, the socialist and communist parties of the whole world, would later rely. However, the question of who Karl is can be answered differently: the great king of the Franks, who created a huge European empire in the VIII-IX centuries. We give a short historical background of this illustrious ruler.
Many historians suggest that Charlemagne was born in April 742, but there is no reliable information about this, as well as where the ruler was born. From an early age, the young man was distinguished by good health, an outstanding mind, and he loved martial art.
After the death of his father, Pepin the Short, Karl ascended the throne with his brother Carloman. The brothers did not love each other, all the time arguing. The threat of the collapse of a single kingdom was real.However, in 771 Carloman dies, and Karl becomes the sole ruler of the Franks.
Agreement with the Pope
Charlemagne went down in history because thanks to him, Western Europe became a single empire, fastened by a common faith, led by a single spiritual ruler - the Pope. This happened around 774. Pope Adrian First concluded an agreement with Charles on support against the formidable Langobards. After defeating them, the king of the Franks created a huge united European empire, and Adrian the First became the spiritual ruler of all of Western Europe. Subsequently, the empires collapsed, crushed, united, but the spiritual unity and patronage of the single Pope was at all times before the beginning of the Reformation. This allowed to develop a new powerful culture and civilization.
By the year 785, thanks to victories over the Lombards, the Saxons, and many other scattered tribes of former barbarians, Charles managed to create a huge empire, which included almost the entire territory of modern Europe. All the tribes that entered the new state, adopted Christianity. The capital of the empire was the German city of Aachen.
Charlemagne died in January 814 in his capital. After his death, the empire was inherited by his son, Louis the Pious. However, he could not hold a huge scattered empire, and it broke up into separate states, which later marked the beginning of the formation of modern European states.
However, the answer to the question “who is Karl” may be different: Karl Jung. It is about him will be discussed further.
Karl Gustav Jung
Karl Gustav Jung (July 26, 1875 - July 6, 1961) - Swiss psychiatrist, founder of analytical psychology.
Jung developed the theory of the collective unconscious. The psychologist argued that man is born not at all by a “clean sheet”, which society “fills” through education, but with a certain hereditary psyche that has developed hundreds of thousands of years. It makes us experience and realize our life experience in a certain way. In other words, we are already being born with our “program”, which in a certain environment forces us to do this and not otherwise. Consequently, education, heredity, education, although they play a huge role in a person’s life, do not affect the subconscious, with the help of which we often make certain decisions.This explains why children often do not follow in the footsteps of their parents, or why people often make decisions that are different from those that their predecessors made, despite their positive experiences, etc.
Detection of human complexes
Jung is the author of an associative test, during which the subject is offered a series of words and analyzes the reaction. The scientist suggested that some areas of experience are not subject to conscious control, are autonomous unconscious in nature. Thus, society has received the concept, which today is called "complexes". They arise as a result of various stressful situations, but the nature of their appearance is unknown. During various traumatic situations, pieces that acquire a certain autonomy break away from our consciousness. We cannot control the reaction within us that arises from these pieces from the past. The brain tries to block them, but the complexes always try to break into our consciousness through dreams, behavioral symptoms, sometimes even hallucinations. Various disorders deplete the line separating the conscious and the unconscious, which allows the complexes to be reminded of their existence.
Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818 - March 14, 1883)
At the beginning of the article we have already noted the famous historian, economist and philosopher. Let us briefly describe who Karl Mars is.
It is impossible to understand in which field this outstanding person achieved the greatest success: in economics, history or in politics. Moreover, all his major works became the basic fundamental theories for future generations. The theory of surplus value, described in his work "Capital", is still considered in leading economic universities. It underlies the principles and laws of capitalism. His theory of class struggle became the basis of the communist and socialist ideologies, called "Marxism".