Why reduce teeth: causes, diagnosis of diseases and methods of treatment
It happens that a person has discomfort in the area of the face, associated with the reduction of teeth and pain in the jaws. If this happens quite often, and the pain becomes less, then more, you need to be attentive to the state of your health. To rule out serious inflammatory diseases, an urgent need to contact a dentist or maxillofacial surgeon.
In this article we will understand why teeth are reduced.
The structure of the skull
The human skull consists of a brain and facial region. The latter contains bones that are connected by joints and bone tissue. The jaw consists of the lower and upper parts. On the bones of the jaw is a substance with a spongy structure. The upper jaw is porous and immobile, the lower one is denser and more mobile.
The joint connecting the lower jaw with the skull is located in the temple area. It is fixed with the help of muscles and ligaments. Thanks to the mobility of the lower jaw, a person can talk, eat, yawn, etc. Our facial expressions and chin movements directly depend on the work of the lower jaw.
The blood flow of the upper and lower jaw is provided by the blood channels and vessels. Pathologies can occur in different parts of the jaw and tissues of the oral cavity, which leads to such an unpleasant symptom as teeth reduction.
So, we give the main reasons why aching teeth. How to treat, also tell.
Prerequisites for the development of such a symptom as teeth reduction can be a variety of pathologies of the chewing department. The pain can be given both in the entire jaw, and in its different departments. The nature of the pain syndrome, as well as its intensity, may also differ. The most common cause of information of the teeth becomes trauma to the jaw section. But why reduce front teeth?
Some diseases can also cause this symptom:
1. Purulent infections in the oral cavity, namely osteomyelitis, phlegmon, abscess, etc.
2Diseases of a neuralgic nature.
3. Arthritis, arthrosis and other articular pathologies of dystrophic, inflammatory and traumatic nature.
4. Disruption of the carotid or facial arteries.
5. Myocardial infarction, strokes and other diseases of the cardiovascular system.
6. Malignant oncological tumors.
7. Erythrotomy (painful redness of the ear).
8. Wisdom teeth in the eruption stage.
The manipulations to remove the tooth and the imposition of prostheses can provoke the reduction of teeth. Braces can also cause jaw pain with increased stress. Dislocations and fractures can also lead to pain in the teeth. The same applies to injuries in sports such as karate, boxing and wrestling. The cause of the teeth in children can be rickets.
Many wonder why the lower teeth are reduced.
This, as mentioned above, is a sign of jaw damage or concomitant disease. Symptoms are conveniently divided into categories of pathologies that cause pain.
Injury of the maxillofacial part
Dislocations and jaw fractures are most common.If the pain is intense and spreads to both the upper and lower jaws, and the patient cannot move them or open his mouth, this indicates a fracture. X-ray will help the specialist to make an accurate diagnosis.
It is possible to dislocate only the lower jaw. Dislocation, as a rule, is bilateral and is characterized by the exit of the jaw from the temporal bone. That is why it reduces the teeth of the lower jaw. The patient can open and close his mouth, but with difficulty, as well as swallowing and talking. The pain is localized in the area of the joint, which was dislocated, and is permanent. Swelling is typical for unilateral lesions.
Regardless of the nature of the disease, pain occurs only in the later stages. The first stages, as a rule, proceed latently. The reduction of teeth occurs predominantly at night, when the mental and physical activity of the body is reduced. As the pathology progresses, facial asymmetry develops, the process of opening the mouth becomes more complex.
The most common cancer of the jaws is sarcoma. It is typical for a strong pain when you press on the jaw, which gives to the ear and neck. The face is severely deformed.And in the later stages, the sensitivity of the affected area is significantly reduced. Why else is teeth being reduced?
Most often caused by pathology of the upper laryngeal, trigeminal or glossopharyngeal nerves. It does not matter what the etiology of the disease was, whether it was congenital or acquired - the reduction of teeth is characteristic of all types. How symptoms are expressed depends on the location of the nerve and the zone of its innervation.
Why reduce teeth from sweet? This is a frequent question.
Severe shooting pains radiating to the jaw and ear are signs of damage to the trigeminal nerve. Pathology is manifested unilaterally, and the greatest pain occurs when the veins and arteries at the base of the skull are affected. This may cause some difficulties in diagnosis. The development of pathology in the glossopharyngeal and laryngeal nerve is indicated by pain in the tongue and larynx. Pains tend to be given to other parts of the jaw. Accompanied by pathology strong hiccups and cough, as well as salivation. The reduction of teeth occurs mainly at night, and anesthetics do not give results.People often ask about why teeth are reduced in heart disease.
Diseases of the cardiovascular system
The reduction of teeth can be a consequence of the development of vascular and heart diseases. Most often, this symptom occurs in myocardial infarction and angina pectoris. In the case of signs of the above pathologies, emergency medical care is needed. A heart attack is characterized by damage to the coronary vessels and the clamping of the heart arteries, which disrupts the blood circulation of the heart muscle and causes tissue necrosis. The probability of rehabilitation increases significantly if the patient was provided with timely medical assistance. Accompanying symptoms of a heart attack, in addition to the collapsed jaws, are severe paroxysmal pain in the region of the heart, as well as lack of air, and profuse sweating. And why the teeth are reduced by the cores?
The reduction of teeth may also indicate the presence of angina. The pain behind the sternum passes to the face, affects the facial and carotid arteries. Panic attacks are also characteristic of angina pectoris. The patient cannot take a step, as he is afraid of a new attack of pain.In this case, urgent help is needed from a cardiologist or ambulance doctors.
Inflammatory processes in the oral cavity of an infectious nature. Bleeding of the upper or lower jaw can be a sign of an infection that penetrates through caries-destroyed teeth or wounds in the mouth. Purulent bacteria enter the jaw with inflammation of the internal systems and organs with blood and lymph. Phlegmons, abscesses and boils can also cause infection of the jaws. This is the reason why it reduces teeth from cold and hot.
Osteomyelitis is one of the most dangerous inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity. It affects the bone structures through which the teeth and other facial areas are infected. As a result, there are teeth reduction, swollen lymph nodes, swelling of the face. Quite often, the disease is accompanied by general malaise and headaches.
How to determine why reduces the teeth of the upper jaw or lower?
In order to eliminate such a symptom as the reduction of teeth, it is necessary first of all to determine the cause of this pathology and to conduct an adequate therapy for its treatment.It is quite difficult to diagnose the cause of pain in the teeth, since it can be literally anything. To establish the correct diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct a special examination, pass all the necessary tests and draw the appropriate conclusions based on the results. That is why it is important to consult a dentist at the first sign of regular dental attention.
In addition to the standard examination and clinical studies, the doctor should refer the patient to a number of additional examinations, namely:
General analysis of urine and blood.
X-ray examination of the skull.
Magnetic resonance imaging.
In addition to the dentist, it also makes sense to go through some other specialists, such as a neuropathologist, a surgeon, a therapist, a cardiologist and a traumatologist. As soon as the diagnosis is made, the patient will be prescribed therapy aimed at treating not only the causes of the pathology, but also the symptoms, including the information of the teeth.
The main therapy for teeth reduction is aimed at eliminating the cause of this symptom.If we are talking about injury, then the dislocation must be repositioned in the hospital. Emergency surgery is required in a fracture situation. Cold compresses are applied to the bruise.
Pathology of the cardiac system, accompanied by the reduction of teeth, must be diagnosed as soon as possible. For heart attack, angina, or stroke, you must call an ambulance immediately. If the pain of a shooting character is activated when moving, you need a professional examination by a neurologist and a dentist.
In the treatment of infectious diseases used antibacterial drugs. If the lesion has overtaken the hard tissues of the tooth, the treatment depends on the degree of development of the disease: either removal or treatment and installation of the crown.
As for the wisdom teeth, which by their appearance bring inconvenience to the patient, they can either be removed or retained. In the latter case, anesthetic symptomatic therapy is carried out. The decision is made on the basis of a snapshot of the tooth. In some cases, incision of the gums is possible at the site of eruption.
Painkillers can help relieve pain.If the diagnosis has not yet been made, antidepressants may be prescribed to the patient. In general, we can conclude that it is impossible to endure the pain in the jaws for a long time, it is better to immediately contact the dentist or other specialists to clarify the diagnosis and eliminate the cause of the teeth. It must be remembered that timely diagnosis and treatment is the key to the absence of complications and recurrences. Even minor and irregular soreness in the jaws can be a sign of a serious illness.
We considered what to do when teeth are reduced. The reasons for this may be very different.